English

Definition of soccer noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

soccer

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//ˈsɒkə(r)//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɑːkər//
 
(British English also football) (also British English, formal Association football) (also British English, informal footy, footie) [uncountable] Soccer
 
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a game played by two teams of 11 players, using a round ball which players kick up and down the playing field. Teams try to kick the ball into the other team’s goal. soccer players a soccer pitch/team/match See related entries: Soccer Culturefootball – British styleFootball is the most popular sport in Britain, particularly among men. It is played by boys in most schools. Most towns have an amateur football team (= a team which does not get paid for playing) which plays in a minor league. Football is also the most popular spectator sport (= sport that is watched) in Britain. Many people go to see their favourite professional team playing at home, and some go to away matches. Many more people watch football on television.The rules of football are relatively simple: two teams of 11 players try to get a round ball into the opposing team's goal and to prevent their opponents from scoring. The ball may be kicked or headed, but never handled (= touched with the hand), except by the goalkeepers. The Football Association was founded in 1863 to decide the rules of football and the resulting game became known formally as association football. It is sometimes also called soccer. Many of today's leading clubs were established shortly afterwards.Most professional clubs represent large cities, or parts of London. They include Everton, Liverpool, Manchester United, Arsenal, Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur. The most famous Scottish clubs include Rangers and Celtic. In 1992 football was reorganized so that the best 20 teams in England and Wales play in the Premier League, while 70 other teams play in three divisions, run by the Football League. There is a Scottish Professional Football League with four divisions, formed in 2013 when the Scottish Football League joined with the Scottish Premier League. At the end of each season, the top few teams in each division are promoted and the bottom teams are relegated. As well as the Premier League, the main competitions in England and Wales are the FA Cup and the League Cup. A few of the most successful sides have won the Double, the Premier League and the FA cup in the same year. The biggest clubs are now run as major businesses, and top players earn large salaries. They are frequently transferred (= bought and sold) between clubs for millions of pounds. Many foreign stars also now play for British teams, and in many top clubs British players are in the minority.England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland all have their own national sides. England won the World Cup in 1966, when its stars included Bobby Charlton, Bobby Moore and Geoff Hurst.An increase in football hooliganism (= violence and damage to property by supporters) in the 1970s and 1980s frightened many people away from football matches. English fans got a bad reputation in Europe and football violence became known as ‘the English disease’. Disasters such as that at Hillsborough, in which many people died, also discouraged people from going to matches. Formerly, football grounds had terraces, where supporters stood packed close together, and stands containing rows of seats which were more expensive. These grounds have now almost all been replaced by all-seater stadiums, but people complain about the rising cost of tickets. Many clubs have their own fanzine (= a magazine about the club written and published by the fans). Some supporters also buy a copy of their team's strip (= shorts and shirt in team colours).This type of football is known in the US as soccer to distinguish it from the American game. Enthusiasm increased after 1994 when the World Cup was played for the first time in the US. In 1999 the US won the Women's World Cup. In 1996 Major League Soccer (MLS) was established, and teams compete for the MLS Cup. Students in colleges and universities also play soccer in three NCAA divisions. The nation's oldest tournament (= series of games that leads to one winner) is the US Open Cup. Many millions of American children now play regularly, and the expression soccer mom (= a mother who spends a lot of time taking her children to sporting activities) has entered the language. Word Origin late 19th cent.: shortening of Assoc. + -er.Extra examples He played on the Irish junior soccer team. He was wearing a yellow Brazil soccer jersey. The kids are at soccer practice. a pair of soccer cleats
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: soccer