English

Definition of spend verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    spend

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//spend//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//spend//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they spend
    BrE BrE//spend//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//spend//
     
    he / she / it spends
    BrE BrE//spendz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//spendz//
     
    past simple spent
    BrE BrE//spent//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//spent//
     
    past participle spent
    BrE BrE//spent//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//spent//
     
    -ing form spending
    BrE BrE//ˈspendɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈspendɪŋ//
     
    Cost and payment
     
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  1. 1  [transitive, intransitive] to give money to pay for goods, services, etc. spend something I've spent all my money already. spend something on something/on doing something She spent £100 on a new dress. spend (something doing something) The company has spent thousands of pounds updating their computer systems. I just can't seem to stop spending. See related entries: Cost and payment
  2. 2  [transitive] to use time for a particular purpose; to pass time spend something + adv./prep. We spent the weekend in Paris. How do you spend your spare time? Her childhood was spent in Italy. spend something on something How long did you spend on your homework? spend something doing something I spend too much time watching television. I’ve spent years trying to learn Japanese. spend something in doing something Most of her life was spent in caring for others.
  3. 3  [transitive, often passive] to use energy, effort, etc., especially until it has all been used spend something on something She spends too much effort on things that don't matter. spend itself The storm had finally spent itself. see also spent
  4. Word Origin Old English spendan, from Latin expendere ‘pay out’; partly also a shortening of obsolete dispend, from Latin dispendere ‘pay out’.Extra examples The company spent a lot on advertising. Try to be objective if you want to spend your money wisely. Try to spend your money wisely. the amount of money spent per student He had grown used to spending freely, without worrying about the consequences. I’ve spent all my money already. I’ve spent years trying to learn Japanese.Idioms
      spend the night with somebody
       
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    1. 1to stay with somebody for a night My daughter's spending the night with a friend.
    2. 2(also spend the night together) to stay with somebody for a night and have sex with them
    (old-fashioned, British English) people say ‘spend a penny’ to avoid saying ‘use the toilet’