Definition of split verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//splɪt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//splɪt//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they split
    BrE BrE//splɪt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//splɪt//
    he / she / it splits
    BrE BrE//splɪts//
    ; NAmE NAmE//splɪts//
    past simple split
    BrE BrE//splɪt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//splɪt//
    past participle split
    BrE BrE//splɪt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//splɪt//
    -ing form splitting
    BrE BrE//ˈsplɪtɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsplɪtɪŋ//
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  1. 1  [transitive, intransitive] split (something) to divide, or to make a group of people divide, into smaller groups that have very different opinions a debate that has split the country down the middle The committee split over government subsidies.
  2. 2  [transitive, intransitive] to divide, or to make something divide, into two or more parts split something (into something) She split the class into groups of four. split (into something) The results split neatly into two groups. Slate splits easily into thin sheets. see also split somebody up
  3. 3  [transitive] to divide something into two or more parts and share it between different people, activities, etc. split something (with somebody) She split the money she won with her brother. We share a house and split all the bills. split something between somebody/something His time is split between the London and Paris offices. see also split somethingup
  4. tear
  5. 4  [intransitive, transitive] to tear, or to make something tear, along a straight line Her dress had split along the seam. split (something) open The cushion split open and sent feathers everywhere. split something Don't tell me you've split another pair of pants!
  6. cut
  7. 5[transitive] to cut somebody’s skin and make it bleed split something open She split her head open on the cupboard door. split something How did you split your lip?
  8. end relationship
  9. 6[intransitive] (informal) to leave somebody and stop having a relationship with them split (with somebody) The singer split with his wife last June. split (from somebody) She intends to split from the band at the end of the tour. see also split up (with somebody) See related entries: Separation
  10. leave
  11. 7[intransitive] (old-fashioned, informal) to leave a place quickly Let's split!
  12. Word Originlate 16th cent. (originally in the sense ‘break up a ship’, describing the force of a storm or rock): from Middle Dutch splitten, of unknown ultimate origin.Extra examples He split the log into several pieces. I offered €200 but he wanted €300. In the end, we split the difference and I paid him €250. In 1993 Czechoslovakia split into two independent states. On January 1 1993 Czechoslovakia formally split into two independent states. Plastic splits quite easily. Several factions split from the party. She splits her time between Madrid and Washington. Split the coconut in half. The cost has been split equally between three countries. The lid had split down the middle. The party finally split over the issue of gun control. The party is deeply split on this issue. The profit will be split three ways. The ripe seed pod splits open and scatters the seeds. The rock group split up last year. Don’t tell me you’ve split another pair of jeans! Four of us live here and we split all the bills four ways. I was put to work splitting wood for the fire. She fell downstairs and split her head open. The day was split up into six one-hour sessions. The debate has split the country down the middle. Which scientist first split the atom?Idioms (when discussing a price, etc.) to agree on an amount that is at an equal distance between the two amounts that have been suggested
    split/divide something down the middle
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    to divide something into two equal parts The country was split down the middle over the strike (= half supported it, half did not).
    to pay too much attention in an argument to differences that are very small and not important to place an adverb between ‘to’ and the infinitive of a verb, for example to say ‘to strongly deny a rumour’. Some people consider this to be bad English style.
    split your sides (laughing/with laughter)
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    to laugh a lot at somebody/something
    (US English, politics) to vote for candidates from more than one party
    Phrasal Verbssplit offsplit on somebody (to somebody)split up (with somebody)split somebody upsplit somebody upsplit somethingup
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: split