Definition of stain verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    stain

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//steɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//steɪn//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they stain
    BrE BrE//steɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//steɪn//
     
    he / she / it stains
    BrE BrE//steɪnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//steɪnz//
     
    past simple stained
    BrE BrE//steɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//steɪnd//
     
    past participle stained
    BrE BrE//steɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//steɪnd//
     
    -ing form staining
    BrE BrE//ˈsteɪnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsteɪnɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1[transitive, intransitive] to leave a mark that is difficult to remove on something; to be marked in this way stain (something) (with something) I hope it doesn't stain the carpet. This carpet stains easily. stain something + adj. The juice from the berries stained their fingers red.
  2. 2[transitive] to change the colour of something using a coloured liquid stain something to stain wood Stain the specimen before looking at it under the microscope. stain something + adj. They stained the floors dark brown.
  3. 3[transitive] stain something (formal) to damage the opinion that people have of something The events had stained the city's reputation unfairly.
  4. Word Origin late Middle English (as a verb): shortening of archaic distain, from Old French desteindre ‘tinge with a colour different from the natural one’. The noun was first recorded (mid 16th cent.) in the sense ‘defilement, disgrace’.Extra examples The children’s fingers were stained purple with blackberry juice. The shirt was heavily stained with blood. He stained the specimen before looking at it under the microscope. The floors had been stained dark brown.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: stain

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