Definition of summon verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    summon

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ˈsʌmən//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmən//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they summon
    BrE BrE//ˈsʌmən//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmən//
     
    he / she / it summons
    BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənz//
     
    past simple summoned
    BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənd//
     
    past participle summoned
    BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənd//
     
    -ing form summoning
    BrE BrE//ˈsʌmənɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsʌmənɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1summon somebody (to do something) (formal) to order somebody to appear in court synonym summons He was summoned to appear before the magistrates.
  2. 2summon somebody (to something) | summon somebody to do something (formal) to order somebody to come to you In May 1688 he was urgently summoned to London. She summoned the waiter. He was summoned before the board of directors.
  3. 3summon something (formal) to arrange an official meeting synonym convene to summon a meeting
  4. 4summon something (formal) to call for or try to obtain something to summon assistance/help/reinforcements
  5. 5summon something (up) to make an effort to produce a particular quality in yourself, especially when you find it difficult synonym muster She was trying to summon up the courage to leave him. I couldn't even summon the energy to get out of bed.
  6. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French somondre, from Latin summonere ‘give a hint’, later ‘call, summon’, from sub- ‘secretly’ + monere ‘warn’.Extra examples He could hardly summon the strength to stand up. He has been summoned from New York to give evidence at the trial. I was recently summoned for jury duty. She managed to summon up a smile. She was duly summoned for an interview. She was summoned back to his office. Phrasal Verbssummon somethingup
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: summon

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