Definition of surge noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//sɜːdʒ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//sɜːrdʒ//
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  1. 1surge (of something) a sudden increase of a strong feeling synonym rush She felt a sudden surge of anger. a surge of excitement see also upsurge
  2. 2a sudden increase in the amount or number of something; a large amount of something surge (in something) a surge in consumer spending We are having trouble keeping up with the recent surge in demand. surge (of something) After an initial surge of interest, there has been little call for our services. see also upsurge
  3. 3surge (of something) a sudden, strong forward or upward movement a tidal surge A surge of people poured through the gates.
  4. 4a sudden increase in the flow of electrical power through a system An electrical surge damaged the computer's disk drive. The National Grid was hit by a huge power surge.
  5. Word Originlate 15th cent. (in the sense ‘fountain, stream’): the noun (in early use) from Old French sourgeon; the verb partly from the Old French stem sourge-, based on Latin surgere ‘to rise’. Early senses of the verb included ‘rise and fall on the waves’ and ‘swell with great force’.Extra examples A last-minute surge in ticket sales saved the show from closure. He experienced a sudden surge of excitement. He thought of his old teacher with a surge of affection. His initial surge of euphoria was quickly followed by dismay. Police struggled to control the sudden surge forward by the demonstrators. She felt a fresh surge of anger when he denied lying. The mention of her name sent a surge of anger through me. The storm surge caused widespread flooding. a dramatic surge in the demand A huge surge of emotion swept through her. Charles felt a great surge of excitement. Economists have reported a surge in consumer spending. He picked up the phone with a surge of panic. We are having trouble keeping up with the recent surge in demand
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: surge

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