English

Definition of surmise verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

surmise

 verb
verbVerb Forms present simple I / you / we / they surmise
BrE BrE//səˈmaɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sərˈmaɪz//
 
he / she / it surmises
BrE BrE//səˈmaɪzɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sərˈmaɪzɪz//
 
past simple surmised
BrE BrE//səˈmaɪzd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sərˈmaɪzd//
 
past participle surmised
BrE BrE//səˈmaɪzd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sərˈmaɪzd//
 
-ing form surmising
BrE BrE//səˈmaɪzɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sərˈmaɪzɪŋ//
 
 
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BrE BrE//səˈmaɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sərˈmaɪz//
 
[transitive, intransitive] surmise (something) | surmise (that)… | surmise what, where, etc… | + speech (formal) to guess or suppose something using the evidence you have, without definitely knowing synonym conjecture From the looks on their faces, I surmised that they had had an argument.
Word Origin late Middle English (in the senses ‘formal allegation’ and ‘allege formally’): from Anglo-Norman French and Old French surmise, feminine past participle of surmettre ‘accuse’, from late Latin supermittere ‘put in afterwards’, from super- ‘over’ + mittere ‘send’.Extra examples Both men rightly surmised that he had left the building. I surmised that they had been having an argument. It is difficult to surmise where she might have been staying. What he had done with the money can only be surmised.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: surmise

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