English

Definition of surround verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    surround

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//səˈraʊnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//səˈraʊnd//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they surround
    BrE BrE//səˈraʊnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//səˈraʊnd//
     
    he / she / it surrounds
    BrE BrE//səˈraʊndz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//səˈraʊndz//
     
    past simple surrounded
    BrE BrE//səˈraʊndɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//səˈraʊndɪd//
     
    past participle surrounded
    BrE BrE//səˈraʊndɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//səˈraʊndɪd//
     
    -ing form surrounding
    BrE BrE//səˈraʊndɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//səˈraʊndɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  to be all around something/somebody surround something/somebody Tall trees surround the lake. the membranes surrounding the brain As a child I was surrounded by love and kindness. surround something/somebody with something The lake is surrounded with/by trees.
  2. 2  to move into position all around somebody/something, especially so as to prevent them from escaping; to move somebody/something into position in this way surround somebody/something Police surrounded the building. surround somebody/something with somebody/something They've surrounded the building with police.
  3. 3surround something/somebody to be closely connected with something/somebody publicity surrounding the divorce
  4. 4surround yourself with somebody/something to choose to have particular people or things near you all the time I like to surround myself with beautiful things.
  5. Word Origin late Middle English (in the sense ‘overflow’): from Old French souronder, from late Latin superundare, from super- ‘over’ + undare ‘to flow’ (from unda ‘a wave’); later associated with round. The current noun sense dates from the late 19th cent.Extra examples Will found himself immediately surrounded by screaming fans. the immediately surrounding area He has now surrounded his house with barbed wire. On one occasion, armed guerrillas surrounded their jeep. The lake is surrounded with/​by trees. Troops fanned out to surround the camp.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: surround

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