Definition of synecdoche noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

synecdoche

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//sɪˈnekdəki//
 
; NAmE NAmE//sɪˈnekdəki//
 
[uncountable, countable](specialist)
 
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a word or phrase in which a part of something is used to represent a whole, or a whole is used to represent a part of something. For example, in ‘Australia lost by two goals’, Australia is used to represent the Australian team. Word Origin late Middle English: via Latin from Greek sunekdokhē, from sun- ‘together’ + ekdekhesthai ‘take up’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: synecdoche