Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) a British poet, writer of plays, and literary critic (= person who gives opinions about works of literature), born in the US. Ezra Pound encouraged him to live in England, where from 1914 he made his home. Eliot's poems have had a great influence on other poets, particularly The Waste Land and Four Quartets. One of his most important new ideas was to use the natural rhythms of speech in his poetry. His best-known plays are Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1951). In 1948 he was given the Nobel Prize for literature.