two African American brothers who led the US civil rights movement in the state of Mississippi. Medgar Evers (1925-63) was the first Mississippi Field Secretary for the NAACP and was murdered in 1963. It took 31 years before the person who killed him was sent to prison. Charles Evers took his brother's NAACP job and then in 1969 became the first African American mayor of Fayette, Mississippi. He published his autobiography (= the story of his own life), Have No Fear, in 1997.