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Definition of the Long Parliament from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

the Long Parliament

 
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the English parliament first called to meet by King Charles I in 1640. Its opposition to the king led to the English Civil War between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists. Many of its members were dismissed in 1648 and it became known as the Rump Parliament. This was itself dismissed in 1653. At the Restoration in 1660 a new parliament was created.