Definition of the Rump Parliament from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

the Rump Parliament

 
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a name given to the parliament that governed Britain from 1648 to 1653 and from 1659 to 1660, after the Long Parliament had been reduced in size. (The rump of something is a small part left from something that was much bigger.) It voted for the trial and execution of King Charles I and ended just before the Restoration.