Definition of through preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    through

     preposition
    preposition
    BrE BrE//θruː//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//θruː//
     
    For the special uses of through in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example get through something is in the phrasal verb section at get.
     
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  1. 1  from one end or side of something/somebody to the other The burglar got in through the window. The bullet went straight through him. Her knees had gone through (= made holes in) her jeans. The sand ran through (= between) my fingers. The path led through the trees to the river. The doctor pushed his way through the crowd. The Charles River flows through Boston.
  2. 2see, hear, etc. through something to see, hear, etc. something from the other side of an object or a substance I couldn't hear their conversation through the wall. He could just make out three people through the mist.
  3. 3  from the beginning to the end of an activity, a situation or a period of time The children are too young to sit through a concert. He will not live through the night. I'm halfway through (= reading) her second novel.
  4. 4  past a barrier, stage or test Go through this gate, and you'll see the house on your left. He drove through a red light (= passed it when he should have stopped). First I have to get through the exams. The bill had a difficult passage through Parliament. I'd never have got through it all (= a difficult situation) without you.
  5. 5  (informal thru) (both North American English) until, and including We'll be in New York Tuesday through Friday. British/​Americaninclusive / through In British English, inclusive is used to emphasize that you are including the days, months, numbers, etc. mentioned, especially in formal or official situations:Answer questions 8 to 12 inclusive. The amusement park is open daily from May to October inclusive. In North American English, through is used:Answer questions 8 through 12. The amusement park is open (from) May through October. To can also be used with this meaning in British English and North American English:The park is open from 1 May to 31 October.
  6. 6  by means of; because of You can only achieve success through hard work. It was through him (= as a result of his help) that I got the job. The accident happened through no fault of mine.
  7. Word Origin Old English thurh (preposition and adverb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch door and German durch. The spelling change to thr- appears c.1300, becoming standard from Caxton onwards.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: through

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