Definition of throw verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



; θroʊ
; θruː
; θroʊn

with hand

1 [transitive, intransitive] to send something from your hand through the air by moving your hand or arm quicklythrow (something) Stop throwing stones at the window!She threw the ball up and caught it again.They had a competition to see who could throw the furthest.throw something to somebody Don't throw it to him, give it to him!throw somebody something Can you throw me that towel?

put carelessly

2 [transitive] throw something + adverb/preposition to put something in a particular place quickly and carelesslyJust throw your bag down over there.

move with force

3 [transitive] to move something suddenly and with forcethrow something + adverb/preposition The boat was thrown onto the rocks.The sea throws up all sorts of debris on the beach.throw something + adjective I threw open the windows to let the smoke out.

part of body

4 [transitive] throw something/yourself + adverb/preposition to move your body or part of it quickly or suddenlyHe threw back his head and roared with laughter.I ran up and threw my arms around him.Jenny threw herself onto the bed.

make somebody fall

5 [transitive] throw somebody to make somebody fall quickly or violently to the groundTwo riders were thrown (= off their horses) in the second race.

into particular state

6 [transitive, usually passive] throw somebody/something + adverb/preposition to make somebody/something be in a particular stateHundreds were thrown out of work.We were thrown into confusion by the news.The problem was suddenly thrown into sharp focus.

direct something at somebody/something

7 [transitive] throw something on/at somebody/something to direct something at somebody/somethingto throw doubt on the verdictto throw the blame on someoneto throw accusations at someoneHe threw the question back at me (= expected me to answer it myself).


8 [transitive] throw somebody (informal) to make somebody feel upset, confused, or surprisedThe news of her death really threw me.


9 [transitive] throw something to roll a dice or let it fall after shaking it; to obtain a particular number in this wayThrow the dice!He threw three sixes in a row.

clay pot

10 [transitive] throw something (technical) to make a clay pot, dish, etc. on a potter's wheela hand-thrown vase


11 [transitive] throw something (+ adverb/preposition) to send light or shade onto somethingThe trees threw long shadows across the lawn.

your voice

12 [transitive] throw your voice to make your voice sound as if it is coming from another person or place

a punch

13 [transitive] throw a punch to hit somebody with your fist


14 [transitive] throw something to move a switch, handle, etc. to operate something

bad-tempered behaviour

15 [transitive] throw something to have a sudden period of bad-tempered behaviour, violent emotion, etcShe'll throw a fit if she finds out.Children often throw tantrums at this age.

a party

16 [transitive] throw a party (informal) to give a party

in sports/competitions

17 [transitive] throw something (informal) to deliberately lose a game or contest that you should have wonHe was accused of having thrown the game.
Idioms containing throw are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example throw your hat into the ring is at hat. 
Phrasal verbs

throw something aside

to reject something such as an attitude, a way of life, etc.

throw yourself at something/somebody

1 to rush violently at something/somebody2 (informal, disapproving) (usually of a woman) to be too enthusiastic in trying to attract a sexual partner

throw something away

1 (also throw something out) to get rid of something that you no longer wantI don't need that—you can throw it away.That old chair should be thrown away.2 to fail to make use of something; to waste somethingto throw away an opportunityYou must take the exam—you can't throw away all that work! see also throwaway

throw something back at somebody

to remind somebody of something they have said or done in the past, especially to upset or annoy themHis unwise remark was frequently thrown back at him by his colleagues.

throw somebody back on something

[usually passive] to force somebody to rely on something because nothing else is availableThere was no TV so we were thrown back on our own resources (= had to entertain ourselves).

throw something in

1 to include something with what you are selling or offering, without increasing the priceYou can have the piano for $200, and I'll throw in the stool as well.2 to add a remark to a conversationJack threw in the odd encouraging comment.

throw yourself/something into something

to begin to do something with energy and enthusiasm

throw something/somebody off

1 to manage to get rid of something/somebody that is making you suffer, annoying you, etcto throw off a cold/your worries/your pursuers2 to take off a piece of clothing quickly and carelesslyShe entered the room and threw off her wet coat.

throw something on

to put on a piece of clothing quickly and carelesslyShe just threw on the first skirt she found.

throw something open (to somebody)

1 to allow people to enter or visit a place where they could not go before2 to allow people to discuss something, take part in a competition, etcThe debate will be thrown open to the audience.The organizers are throwing the contest open to under 21s for the first time.

throw somebody out (of…)

to force somebody to leave a placeYou'll be thrown out if you don't pay the rent.

throw something out

1 to say something in a way that suggests you have not given it a lot of thoughtto throw out a suggestion2 to decide not to accept a proposal, an idea, etc.3 = throw something away4 to produce smoke, light, heat, etca small fire that threw out a lot of heat5 to confuse something or make it wrongOur calculations of the cost of our trip were thrown out by changes in the exchange rate.

throw somebody over

(old-fashioned) to stop being friends with somebody or having a romantic relationship with them

throw somebody together

[often passive] to bring people into contact with each other, often unexpectedlyFate had thrown them together.

throw something together

to make or produce something in a hurryI threw together a quick meal.

throw up

to vomit
be sick
The smell made me want to throw up.

throw something up

1 to vomit food
sick up
The baby's thrown up her dinner.
2 to make people notice somethingHer research has thrown up some interesting facts.3 to build something suddenly or in a hurryThey're throwing up new housing estates all over the place.4 to leave your jobto throw up your career
Usage noteUsage note: throwtoss hurl fling chuck lob bowl pitchThese words all mean to send something from your hand through the air.throw to send something from your hand or hands through the air:Some kids were throwing stones at the window. She threw the ball and he caught it.toss to throw something lightly or carelessly:She tossed her jacket onto the bed.hurl to throw something violently in a particular direction:Rioters hurled a brick through the car's windscreen.fling to throw somebody/something somewhere with a lot of force, especially because you are angry or in a hurry:She flung the letter down onto the table.chuck (especially British English, informal) to throw something carelessly:I chucked him the keys.lob (informal) to throw something so that it goes high through the air:They were lobbing stones over the wall.bowl (in cricket) to throw the ball to the batsmanpitch (in baseball) to throw the ball to the batterto throw/toss/hurl/fling/chuck/lob/bowl/pitch something at/to somebody/somethingto throw/toss/fling/chuck something aside/awayto throw/toss/hurl/fling/chuck/lob/bowl/pitch a ballto throw/toss/hurl/fling/chuck stones/rocks/a brickto throw/toss/hurl/fling something angrilyto throw/toss something casually/carelessly