Definition of throw verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//θrəʊ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//θroʊ//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they throw
    BrE BrE//θrəʊ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//θroʊ//
    he / she / it throws
    BrE BrE//θrəʊz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//θroʊz//
    past simple threw
    BrE BrE//θruː//
    ; NAmE NAmE//θruː//
    past participle thrown
    BrE BrE//θrəʊn//
    ; NAmE NAmE//θroʊn//
    -ing form throwing
    BrE BrE//ˈθrəʊɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈθroʊɪŋ//
    jump to other results
    with hand
  1. 1  [transitive, intransitive] to send something from your hand through the air by moving your hand or arm quickly throw (something) Stop throwing stones at the window! She threw the ball up and caught it again. They had a competition to see who could throw the furthest. throw something to somebody Don't throw it to him, give it to him! throw somebody something Can you throw me that towel? Synonymsthrowtoss hurl fling chuck lob bowl pitchThese words all mean to send something from your hand through the air.throw to send something from your hand or hands through the air:Some kids were throwing stones at the window. She threw the ball and he caught it.toss to throw something lightly or carelessly:She tossed her jacket onto the bed.hurl to throw something violently in a particular direction:Rioters hurled a brick through the car’s windscreen.fling to throw somebody/​something somewhere with a lot of force, especially because you are angry or in a hurry:She flung the letter down onto the table.chuck (especially British English, informal) to throw something carelessly:I chucked him the keys.lob (informal) to throw something so that it goes high through the air:They were lobbing stones over the wall.bowl (in cricket) to throw the ball to the batsmanpitch (in baseball) to throw the ball to the batterPatterns to throw/​toss/​hurl/​fling/​chuck/​lob/​bowl/​pitch something at/​to somebody/​something to throw/​toss/​fling/​chuck something aside/​away to throw/​toss/​hurl/​fling/​chuck/​lob/​bowl/​pitch a ball to throw/​toss/​hurl/​fling/​chuck stones/​rocks/​a brick to throw/​toss/​hurl/​fling something angrily to throw/​toss something casually/​carelessly
  2. put carelessly
  3. 2  [transitive] throw something + adv./prep. to put something in a particular place quickly and carelessly Just throw your bag down over there.
  4. move with force
  5. 3  [transitive] to move something suddenly and with force throw something + adv./prep. The boat was thrown onto the rocks. The sea throws up all sorts of debris on the beach. throw something + adj. I threw open the windows to let the smoke out.
  6. part of body
  7. 4  [transitive] throw something/yourself + adv./prep. to move your body or part of it quickly or suddenly He threw back his head and roared with laughter. I ran up and threw my arms around him. Jenny threw herself onto the bed.
  8. make somebody fall
  9. 5[transitive] throw somebody to make somebody fall quickly or violently to the ground Two riders were thrown (= off their horses) in the second race.
  10. into particular state
  11. 6[transitive, usually passive] throw somebody/something + adv./prep. to make somebody/something be in a particular state Hundreds were thrown out of work. We were thrown into confusion by the news. The problem was suddenly thrown into sharp focus.
  12. direct something at somebody/something
  13. 7[transitive] throw something on/at somebody/something to direct something at somebody/something to throw doubt on the verdict to throw the blame on someone to throw accusations at someone He threw the question back at me (= expected me to answer it myself).
  14. upset
  15. 8[transitive] throw somebody (informal) to make somebody feel upset, confused, or surprised The news of her death really threw me. See related entries: Surprise
  16. dice
  17. 9[transitive] throw something to roll a dice or let it fall after shaking it; to obtain a particular number in this way Throw the dice! He threw three sixes in a row.
  18. clay pot
  19. 10[transitive] throw something (specialist) to make a clay pot, dish, etc. on a potter’s wheel a hand-thrown vase
  20. light/shade
  21. 11[transitive] throw something (+ adv./prep.) to send light or shade onto something The trees threw long shadows across the lawn.
  22. your voice
  23. 12[transitive] throw your voice to make your voice sound as if it is coming from another person or place synonym project
  24. a punch
  25. 13[transitive] throw a punch to hit somebody with your fist
  26. switch/handle
  27. 14[transitive] throw something to move a switch, handle, etc. to operate something
  28. bad-tempered behaviour
  29. 15[transitive] throw something to have a sudden period of bad-tempered behaviour, violent emotion, etc. She'll throw a fit if she finds out. Children often throw tantrums at this age.
  30. a party
  31. 16[transitive] throw a party (informal) to give a party
  32. in sports/competitions
  33. 17[transitive] throw something (informal) to deliberately lose a game or contest that you should have won He was accused of having thrown the game. More Like This Verbs with two objects bet, bring, build, buy, cost, get, give, leave, lend, make, offer, owe, pass, pay, play, post, promise, read, refuse, sell, send, show, sing, take, teach, tell, throw, wish, writeSee worksheet.
  34. Word OriginOld English thrāwan ‘to twist, turn’, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch draaien and German drehen, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin terere ‘to rub’, Greek teirein ‘wear out’. The current senses which express propulsion and sudden action, date from Middle English.Extra examples He threatened to throw her in the river if she screamed. He threw a stone at the window. He threw the double doors open in a dramatic gesture. He threw the keys casually down on the table. I just wanted to throw myself into his arms and cry. She threw her head back and laughed. She threw the ball to him. The ship’s cargo was thrown overboard. We were literally thrown out of our bunks. Don’t throw it to him, give it to him! He always throws a big bash on Oscar night. He threw the ball into the bushes and the dog ran to fetch it. I think it’s time we threw another cocktail party. She threw the ball up into the air and caught it again. Some kids were throwing things at the window. The body had been thrown into the river. The company threw a party to welcome the newcomers. The speaker was completely thrown by the interruption. They threw a party for him on his birthday.Idioms Idioms containing throw are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example throw your hat into the ring is at hat.  Phrasal Verbsthrow somethingasidethrow somethingawaythrow something back at somebodythrow somebody back on somethingthrow somethinginthrow something into somethingthrow off somebodythrow somethingonthrow somethingopen (to somebody)throw somebodyout (of…)throw somethingoutthrow somebody overthrow somebodytogetherthrow somethingtogetherthrow upthrow somethingupthrow yourself at somebody
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: throw