Definition of toil verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    toil

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//tɔɪl//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//tɔɪl//
     
    (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they toil
    BrE BrE//tɔɪl//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//tɔɪl//
     
    he / she / it toils
    BrE BrE//tɔɪlz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//tɔɪlz//
     
    past simple toiled
    BrE BrE//tɔɪld//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//tɔɪld//
     
    past participle toiled
    BrE BrE//tɔɪld//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//tɔɪld//
     
    -ing form toiling
    BrE BrE//ˈtɔɪlɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈtɔɪlɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1[intransitive] to work very hard and/or for a long time, usually doing hard physical work synonym slave Hundreds of men toiled for years at building the pyramid. She toils tirelessly for various charities.
  2. 2[intransitive] + adv./prep. to move slowly and with difficulty synonym slog They toiled up the hill in the blazing sun.
  3. Word Origin Middle English (in the senses ‘contend verbally’ and ‘strife’): from Anglo-Norman French toiler ‘strive, dispute’, toil ‘confusion’, from Latin tudiculare ‘stir about’, from tudicula ‘machine for crushing olives’, related to tundere ‘crush’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: toil

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