Definition of treat verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//triːt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//triːt//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they treat
    BrE BrE//triːt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//triːt//
    he / she / it treats
    BrE BrE//triːts//
    ; NAmE NAmE//triːts//
    past simple treated
    BrE BrE//ˈtriːtɪd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈtriːtɪd//
    past participle treated
    BrE BrE//ˈtriːtɪd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈtriːtɪd//
    -ing form treating
    BrE BrE//ˈtriːtɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈtriːtɪŋ//
    Medical equipment
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    behave towards somebody/something
  1. 1  to behave in a particular way towards somebody/something treat somebody/something (with something) to treat people with respect/consideration/suspicion, etc. Treat your keyboard with care and it should last for years. treat somebody/something like something My parents still treat me like a child. treat somebody/something as something He was treated as a hero on his release from prison.
  2. consider
  3. 2  treat something as something to consider something in a particular way I decided to treat his remark as a joke. All cases involving children are treated as urgent.
  4. 3  treat something + adv./prep. to deal with or discuss something in a particular way The question is treated in more detail in the next chapter.
  5. illness/injury
  6. 4  treat somebody (for something) (with something) to give medical care or attention to a person, an illness, an injury, etc. She was treated for sunstroke. The condition is usually treated with drugs and a strict diet. The hospital treated forty cases of malaria last year. CollocationsInjuriesBeing injured have a fall/​an injury receive/​suffer/​sustain a serious injury/​a hairline fracture/(especially British English) whiplash/​a gunshot wound hurt/​injure your ankle/​back/​leg damage the brain/​an ankle ligament/​your liver/​the optic nerve/​the skin pull/​strain/​tear a hamstring/​ligament/​muscle/​tendon sprain/​twist your ankle/​wrist break a bone/​your collarbone/​your leg/​three ribs fracture/​crack your skull break/​chip/​knock out/​lose a tooth burst/​perforate your eardrum dislocate your finger/​hip/​jaw/​shoulder bruise/​cut/​graze your arm/​knee/​shoulder burn/​scald yourself/​your tongue bang/​bump/​hit/ (informal) bash your elbow/​head/​knee (on/​against something)Treating injuries treat somebody for burns/​a head injury/​a stab wound examine/​clean/​dress/​bandage/​treat a bullet wound repair a damaged/​torn ligament/​tendon/​cartilage amputate/​cut off an arm/​a finger/​a foot/​a leg/​a limb put on/ (formal) apply/​take off (especially North American English) a Band-Aid™/(British English) a plaster/​a bandage need/​require/​put in/ (especially British English) have (out)/ (North American English) get (out) stitches put on/​rub on/ (formal) apply cream/​ointment/​lotion have/​receive/​undergo (British English) physiotherapy/(North American English) physical therapy See related entries: Medical equipment
  7. use chemical
  8. 5  treat something (with something) to use a chemical substance or process to clean, protect, preserve, etc. something to treat crops with insecticide wood treated with preservative
  9. pay for something enjoyable
  10. 6treat somebody/yourself (to something) to pay for something that somebody/you will enjoy and that you do not usually have or do She treated him to lunch. Don't worry about the cost—I'll treat you. I'm going to treat myself to a new pair of shoes.
  11. Word OriginMiddle English (in the senses ‘negotiate’ and ‘discuss a subject’): from Old French traitier, from Latin tractare ‘handle’, frequentative of trahere ‘draw, pull’. The current noun sense dates from the mid 17th cent.Extra examples Chemically treated hair can become dry and brittle. Don’t treat me like a child! He is guilty and should be treated accordingly. He treated the idea with suspicion. Parents still tend to treat boys differently from girls. She was treated for cuts and bruises. The drug is effective at treating depression. The timber has been treated with chemicals to preserve it. These allegations are being treated very seriously indeed. They deserve to be treated with patience and respect. They treat their animals quite badly. We can treat this condition quite successfully with antibiotics. You need to treat this wood for woodworm. the tendency to treat older people as helpless and dependent Remember that chemically treated hair is delicate. The crops are treated with insecticide. The wood panels will become brittle if not treated with preservative. Water is discharged from the sewage works after being treated. You should treat people with more respect.Idioms
    treat somebody like dirt
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    (informal) to treat somebody with no respect at all They treat their workers like dirt.
    Phrasal Verbstreat somebody to something
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: treat