Definition of unemployment noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt//
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  1. 1  the fact of a number of people not having a job; the number of people without a job an area of high/low unemployment rising/falling unemployment It was a time of mass unemployment. measures to help reduce/tackle unemployment the level/rate of unemployment unemployment benefit/statistics a rise in both inflation and unemployment CollocationsThe economyManaging the economy handle/​run/​manage the economy boost investment/​spending/​employment/​growth stimulate demand/​the economy/​industry cut/​reduce investment/​spending/​borrowing reduce/​curb/​control/​keep down inflation create/​fuel growth/​demand/​a boom/​a bubble encourage/​foster/​promote/​stimulate/​stifle innovation/​competition encourage/​work with/​compete with the private sector increase/​boost/​promote US/​agricultural exports ban/​restrict/​block cheap/​foreign imports the economy grows/​expands/​shrinks/​contracts/​slows (down)/recovers/​improves/​is booming enjoy an economic/​housing/​property boomEconomic problems push up/​drive up prices/​costs/​inflation damage/​hurt/​destroy industry/​the economy cause/​lead to/​go into/​avoid/​escape recession experience/​suffer a recession/​downturn fight/​combat inflation/​deflation/​unemployment cause/​create inflation/​poverty/​unemployment create/​burst a housing/​stock market bubble cause/​trigger a stock market crash/​the collapse of the banking system face/​be plunged into a financial/​an economic crisis be caught in/​experience cycles of boom and bustPublic finance cut/​reduce/​slash/​increase/​double the defence/(especially US English) defense/​education/​aid budget increase/​boost/​slash/​cut public spending increase/​put up/​raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce taxes raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce interest rates ease/​loosen/​tighten monetary policy balance the (state/​federal) budget achieve/​maintain a balanced budget run a ($4 trillion) budget deficit/​surplus
  2. 2  the state of not having a job Thousands of young people are facing long-term unemployment. a study of male/female unemployment compare employment
  3. 3(US English) = unemployment benefit Since losing his job, Mike has been collecting unemployment. CollocationsUnemploymentLosing your job lose your job (British English) become/​be made redundant be offered/​take voluntary redundancy/​early retirement face/​be threatened with dismissal/(British English) the sack/(British English) compulsory redundancy dismiss/​fire/ (especially British English) sack an employee/​a worker/​a manager lay off staff/​workers/​employees (Australian English, New Zealand English, South African English) retrench workers cut/​reduce/​downsize/​slash the workforce (British English) make staff/​workers/​employees redundantBeing unemployed be unemployed/​out of work/​out of a job seek/​look for work/​employment be on/​collect/​draw/​get/​receive (both British English) unemployment benefit/​jobseeker’s allowance be/​go/​live/​sign (British English, informal) on the dole claim/​draw/​get (British English, informal) the dole be on/​qualify for (North American English) unemployment (compensation) be/​go/​live/​depend (North American English) on welfare collect/​receive (North American English) welfare combat/​tackle/​cut/​reduce unemployment
  4. Wordfinderbeg, benefit, charity, homeless, hostel, the poor, poverty, shanty town, sweatshop, unemploymentExtra examples New claims for unemployment benefits remain low. The county’s unemployment rate has dropped to 9%. The unemployment trap exists when an unemployed person on benefit would be worse off in a low-paid job. This former mining town is now an unemployment black spot. Unemployment among graduates is falling steadily. Unemployment averaged 15% across the country. Unemployment climbed above two million. Unemployment has hit unskilled workers in particular. Unemployment hit 10% in 1982. Unemployment reached 30%. Unemployment touched 30%. It’s an area of high unemployment. Last month saw a rise in both inflation and unemployment. New measures are needed to tackle unemployment. Scottish unemployment rates were lower than the UK average. They carried out a study of male unemployment. Thousands of young people are facing long-term unemployment.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: unemployment

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