(1897-1962) one of the most important US writers of novels and short stories in the 20th century. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1949. He wrote about people in the imaginary Yoknapatawpha County in the state of Mississippi. Most of his stories are about families that were once rich and powerful but have lost their wealth. The writing is excellent but complicated, and many people find it difficult to read. The novels include The Sound and the Fury (1929), A Fable (1954) and The Reivers (1962). The last two won the Pulitzer Prize.