American English

Definition of advance noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



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    forward movement
  1. 1[countable] the forward movement of a group of people, especially armed forces We feared that an advance on the capital would soon follow. enemy advances Topic CollocationsWar and Peacestarting a war declare/wage war (on somebody/something) go to war (against/with somebody) cause/spark/provoke/foment/quell unrest incite/lead/crush/suppress a revolt/rebellion launch/mount/carry out a surprise/terrorist attack prevent/halt/represent an escalation of the conflict be torn apart by/be on the brink of civil war enter/invade/occupy somebody's territory lead/launch/resist/repel an invasionmilitary operations adopt/develop/implement/pursue a military strategy carry out/execute/perform military operations/maneuvers send/deploy/station/pull back/withdraw troops go on/fly/carry out a reconnaissance/rescue mission train/equip/deploy army/military/combat units lead/launch/conduct an (air/airborne/amphibious) attack/a surprise attack (on somebody); an assault/a raid (on somebody) employ/use guerrilla tactics conduct/wage biological/guerrilla warfare fight/crush/defeat the rebels/the insurgency suffer/inflict a crushing defeat achieve/win a decisive victory halt/stop the American/German advance order/force a retreatfighting join/serve in the Army/Navy/Air Force/Marines/Coast Guard/reserves be/go/remain/serve on active duty do/complete/return from a tour of duty be sent to the front (line) attack/strike/engage/defeat/kill/destroy the enemy witness/see/report/be engaged in heavy fighting call for/be met with armed resistance come under heavy/machine-gun/mortar fire fire a machine gun/mortar shells/rockets (at somebody/something) shoot a rifle/a pistol/bullets/missiles launch/fire a(n) cruise/ballistic/anti-tank missile use biological/chemical/nuclear weapons inflict/suffer/sustain heavy losses/casualties be hit/killed by enemy/friendly/artillery fire become/be held as/be taken as a prisoner of warcivilians in war harm/kill/target/protect innocent/unarmed civilians cause/avoid/limit/minimize civilian casualties/collateral damage impose/enforce/lift a curfew engage in/be a victim of ethnic cleansing be sent to a concentration/an internment camp accept/house/resettle/turn away refugees fleeing from war fear/threaten military/violent reprisals commit/be accused of war crimes/crimes against humanity/genocidemaking peace make/bring/win/achieve/maintain/promote peace call for/negotiate/broker/declare a ceasefire/a temporary truce sign a ceasefire agreement call for/bring/put an end to hostilities demand/negotiate/accept the surrender of somebody/something establish/send (in) a peacekeeping force negotiate/conclude/ratify/sign/accept/reject/break/violate a peace treaty
  2. development
  3. 2[countable, uncountable] advance (in something) progress or a development in a particular activity or area of understanding recent advances in medical science We live in an age of rapid technological advance. major advances in the field of physics
  4. money
  5. 3[countable, usually singular] money paid for work before it has been done or money paid earlier than expected They offered an advance of $5,000 after the signing of the contract. She asked for an advance on her salary. The bank will give you an advance of 95% of the purchase price.
  6. sexual
  7. 4advances [plural] attempts to start a sexual relationship with someone He had made advances to several women. She rejected his sexual advances.
  8. price increase
  9. 5[countable] advance (on something) (business) an increase in the price or value of something Share prices showed significant advances.
  10. Idioms
      in advance (of something)
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    1. 1before the time that is expected; before something happens a week/month/year in advance The rent is due one month in advance. It's cheaper if you book the tickets in advance. People were evacuated from the coastal regions in advance of the hurricane.
    2. 2more developed than someone or something else Galileo's ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived.
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: advance