American English

Definition of bruise noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

     

    bruise

     noun
    noun
    NAmE//bruz//
     
     
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  1. 1a blue, brown, or purple mark that appears on the skin after someone has fallen, been hit, etc. to be covered in bruises cuts and bruises a huge bruise over his eye Thesaurusinjurewound hurt bruise sprain pull strainThese words all mean to harm yourself or someone else physically, especially in an accident.injure to harm yourself or someone else physically, especially in an accident:He injured his knee playing hockey. Three people were injured in the crash.wound [often passive] (somewhat formal) to injure part of the body, especially by making a hole in the skin using a weapon:Two people were killed and dozens more wounded in the attack. Wound is often used to talk about people being hurt in war or in other attacks which affect a lot of people.hurt (somewhat informal) to cause physical pain to someone or yourself; to injure someone or yourself:Did you hurt yourself?injure or hurt?You can hurt or injure a part of the body in an accident. Hurt emphasizes the physical pain caused;injure emphasizes that the part of the body has been damaged in some way.bruise to make a blue, brown, or purple mark (= a bruise) appear on the skin after someone has fallen or been hit; to develop a bruisesprain to injure part of your body, especially your ankle, wrist, or knee, by suddenly bending it in an awkward way, causing pain and swellingpull to damage a muscle, etc., by using too much forcestrain to injure yourself or part of your body by making it work too hard:Don't strain your eyes by reading in poor light.Patterns to injure/hurt/strain yourself to injure/hurt/pull/strain a muscle to injure/hurt/sprain your ankle/knee/wrist to injure/hurt/strain your back/shoulder/eyes to injure/hurt your spine/neck to be badly/severely/slightly injured/wounded/hurt/bruised/sprained
  2. 2a mark on a fruit or vegetable where it is damaged
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: bruise

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