Definition of condition noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    condition

     noun
    noun
    NAmE//kənˈdɪʃn//
     
     
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    state of something
  1. 1 [uncountable, singular] the state that something is in to be in bad/good/excellent condition a used car in perfect condition The house is in very poor condition.
  2. circumstances
  3. 2conditions [plural] the circumstances or situation in which people live, work, or do things living/housing/working conditions changing economic conditions neglected children living under the most appalling conditions a strike to improve pay and conditions Thesaurussituationcircumstances position conditions things the case state of affairsThese are all words for the conditions and facts that are connected with and affect the way things are.situation all the things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place:the current economic situationcircumstances the facts that are connected with and affect a situation, an event, or an action; the conditions of a person's life, especially the money they have:The ship sank in mysterious circumstances.position the situation that someone is in, especially when it affects what they can and cannot do:She knew that she was in a position of power.conditions the circumstances in which people live, work, or do things; the physical situation that affects how something happens:We were forced to work outside in freezing conditions.circumstances or conditions?Circumstances often refers to someone's financial situation;conditions are things such as the quality and amount of food or shelter they have. The circumstances that affect an event are the facts surrounding it; the conditions that affect it are usually physical ones, such as the weather.things (somewhat informal) the general situation, as it affects someone:Hi, Jane! How are things? Think things over before you decide.the case the true situation:If that is the case (= if the situation described is true), we need more staff.state of affairs a situation:Well, this is certainly a sorry state of affairs.situation or state of affairs?State of affairs is mostly used with this. It is also used with adjectives describing how good or bad a situation is, such as happy, sorry, shocking, and sad, as well as those relating to time, such as present and current. Situation is much more frequent and is used in a wider variety of contexts.Patterns in (a) particular situation/circumstances/position/state of affairs the/somebody's economic/financial/social situation/circumstances/position/conditions (a/an) happy/fortunate/unfortunate/sad situation/circumstances/position/state of affairs to look at/review the situation/circumstances/conditions/things
  4. 3conditions [plural] the physical situation that affects how something happens The plants grow best in cool, damp conditions. freezing/icy/humid, etc. conditions Conditions are ideal (= the weather is very good) for sailing today. treacherous driving conditions
  5. medical
  6. 4 [uncountable, singular] the state of someone's health or how physically fit they are He is overweight and out of condition (= not physically fit). You are in no condition (= too sick, etc.) to go anywhere. The motorcyclist was in a critical condition in the hospital last night. (informal) She shouldn't be driving in her condition (= because she is pregnant). synonyms at illness
  7. 5[countable] an illness or a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it a medical condition He suffers from a serious heart condition. Thesaurusdiseaseillness disorder infection condition ailment bugThese are all words for a medical problem.disease a medical problem affecting humans, animals, or plants, often caused by infection:He suffers from a rare blood disease.illness a medical problem, or a period of suffering from one:She died after a long illness.disease or illness?Disease is used to talk about more severe physical medical problems, especially those that affect the organs. Illness is used to talk about both more severe and more minor medical problems, and, more commonly, those that affect mental health:heart/kidney/liver illness mental disease. Disease is not used about a period of illness:She died after a long disease.disorder (somewhat formal) an illness that causes a part of the body to stop functioning correctly:a rare disorder of the liver A disorder is generally not infectious. Disorder is used most frequently with words relating to mental problems, for example psychiatric, personality, mental, and eating. When it is used to talk about physical problems, it is most often used with blood, bowel, and kidney, and these are commonly serious, severe, or rare.infection an illness that is caused by bacteria or a virus:a sinus infection an ear infectioncondition a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it:a heart conditionailment (somewhat formal) an illness that is not very serious:childhood ailmentsbug (informal) an infectious illness that is usually fairly mild:a nasty flu bugPatterns to have/suffer from a(n) disease/illness/disorder/infection/condition/ailment/bug to catch/contract/get/pick up a(n) disease/illness/infection/bug
  8. rule
  9. 6 [countable] a rule or decision that you must agree to, sometimes forming part of a contract or an official agreement the terms and conditions of employment The offer is subject to certain conditions. They agreed to lend us the car on condition that (= only if) we returned it before the weekend. They will give us the money on one condition—that we pay it back within six months. They agreed under the condition that we give them regular progress reports. Congress can impose strict conditions on the bank. They have agreed to the ceasefire provided their conditions are met.
  10. necessary situation
  11. 7[countable] a situation that must exist in order for something else to happen a necessary condition for economic growth A good training program is one of the conditions for successful industry.
  12. state of group
  13. 8[singular] (formal) the state of a particular group of people because of their situation in life, their problems, etc. He spoke angrily about the condition of the urban poor. Work is basic to the human condition (= the fact of being alive).
  14. Thesaurusillnesscondition health problems/issues disabilityThese are all words for the state of someone's health, especially when they are physically or mentally ill.illness the state of being physically or mentally illcondition the state of someone's health or how fit they are, especially when they are ill:She can't travel in her condition. My condition requires me to watch what I eat.health problems/issues any problems that someone has with their physical or mental health:My parents have had a lot of health problems this year. Many of the patients at the clinic are dealing with serious mental health issues. The term health issues is slightly more formal than health problems.disability a physical or mental condition that means you cannot use a part of your body completely or easily, or that you cannot learn easily:His disability does not keep him from living a full and active life.Patterns (a) chronic illness/condition/health problems/health issues/disability to suffer from an illness/health problems/health issues to deal with/have health problems/health issues/a disability Which Word?condition / stateThe following adjectives are frequently used with these nouns:
    ~ condition~ state
    goodpresent
    excellentcurrent
    physicalmental
    poorsolid
    humanno
    perfectemotional
    nonatural
    State is a more general word than condition and is used for the condition that something is in at a particular time. It is used to describe a person's mental health more than their physical health. It can be used without an adjective:the present state of medical knowledge We’re worried about his mental state. What a state this room is in (= very bad). Condition is used with an adjective and refers especially to the appearance, quality, or working order of someone or something. It is used to describe a person's physical health more than their mental health:The car is in excellent condition. The patient is in a critical condition.
    Idioms
    in mint condition
     
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    new or as good as new; in perfect condition
    on/under no condition(formal)
     
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    not in any situation; never You must on no condition tell them what happened.
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: condition

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