American English

Definition of conviction noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



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  1. 1[countable, uncountable] conviction (for something) the act of finding someone guilty of a crime in court; the fact of having been found guilty She has six previous convictions for theft. He plans to appeal against his conviction. an offense which carries, on conviction, a sentence of not more than five years' imprisonment Topic CollocationsCriminal Justicebreaking the law break/violate/obey/uphold the law be investigated/arrested/tried for a crime/a robbery/fraud be arrested/indicted/convicted on felony charges/on charges of rape/fraud be arrested on suspicion of arson/robbery/shoplifting be accused of/be charged with murder/homicide/four counts of fraud face two charges of assault and battery admit your guilt/liability/responsibility (for something) deny the allegations/claims/charges confess to a crime be granted/be refused/be released on/skip/jump bailthe legal process stand/await/bring somebody to/come to/be on trial take somebody to/come to/settle something out of court face/avoid/escape prosecution seek/retain/have the right to/be denied access to legal counsel hold/conduct/attend/adjourn a hearing/trial sit on/influence/persuade/convince/advise a jury stand/appear/be brought before a judge plead guilty/not guilty to a crime be called to/take/put somebody on the stand/the witness stand call/subpoena/question/cross-examine a witness give/hear the evidence against/on behalf of somebody raise/withdraw/overrule an objection reach a unanimous/majority verdict return/deliver/record a verdict of guilty/not guilty convict/acquit the defendant of the crime secure a conviction/your acquittal lodge/file an appeal appeal (against)/challenge/uphold/overturn a conviction/verdictsentencing and punishment sentence somebody to 5 years in prison/2 years' probation carry/face/serve a seven-year/life sentence receive/be given the death penalty be sentenced to ten years (in prison/jail) carry/impose/pay a fine (of $3,000)/a penalty (of 14 years' imprisonment) be imprisoned/jailed for drug possession/fraud/murder do/serve time/ten years be sent to/put somebody in/be released from jail/prison be/put somebody/spend 13 years on death row be granted/be denied/violate (your) parole ⇨ more collocations at crime opposite acquittal
  2. 2[countable, uncountable] conviction (that…) a strong opinion or belief strong political/moral convictions She was motivated by deep religious conviction. a conviction that all would be well in the end
  3. 3[uncountable] the feeling or appearance of believing something strongly and of being sure about it “Not true!” she said with conviction. He said he agreed but his voice lacked conviction. The leader's speech in defense of the policy didn't carry much conviction.
  4. Idioms
    have/lack the courage of your convictions
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    to be/not be brave enough to do what you feel to be right
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: conviction