American English

Definition of down adverb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    jump to other results
  1. 1For the special uses of down in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example, climb down is in the phrasal verb section at climb. to or at a lower place or position She jumped down off the chair. He looked down at her. We watched as the sun went down. She bent down to pick up her glove. Mary's not down yet (= she is still upstairs). The baby can't keep any food down (= in her body).
  2. 2from a standing or vertical position to a sitting or horizontal one Please sit down. He had to go and lie down for a while.
  3. 3at a lower level or rate Prices have gone down recently. We're already two goals down (= the other team has two goals more). Language Bankfalldescribing a decrease Car crime in Greenville fell significantly last year. Car crime fell by about a quarter over a 12-month period. The number of stolen vehicles dropped from 1,013 to 780, a fall of 26 percent. According to these data, 780 vehicles were stolen, down 26% from the previous year. The city saw an 11%drop in reported thefts from motor vehicles from 1,871 to 1,737. These figures show that, as far as car crime is concerned, the main trend is downward.
  4. 4used to show that the amount or strength of something is lower, or that there is less activity Turn the music down! The class settled down and she began the lesson.
  5. 5(in a crossword) reading from top to bottom, not from side to side I can't do 3 down.
  6. 6to or in the south of a country They flew down to Texas. Houses are less expensive down south.
  7. 7on paper; on a list Did you get that down? I always write everything down. Do you have me down for the trip?
  8. 8used to show the limits in a range or an order Everyone will be there, from the Principal down.
  9. 9having lost the amount of money mentioned At the end of the day we were $20 down.
  10. 10if you pay an amount of money down, you pay that to start with, and the rest later
  11. 11(informal) used to say how far you have gotten in a list of things you have to do Well, I've seen six apartments so far. That's six down and four to go!
  12. 12(informal) to or at a local place such as a store I'm just going down to the post office. I saw him down at the mall.
  13. Idioms
    be down to somebody (informal)
    jump to other results
    to be the responsibility of someone It's down to you to check the door.
    be down to somebody/something
    jump to other results
    to be caused by a particular person or thing She claimed her problems were down to the media.
    be down to something
    jump to other results
    to have only a little money left I'm down to my last dollar.
    be/go down with something
    jump to other results
    to have or catch an illness
    down through something (formal)
    jump to other results
    during a long period of time Down through the years this town has seen many changes.
    down to the last, smallest, final, etc. something
    jump to other results
    including every small part or detail of something She organized everything down to the last detail.
    down under (informal)
    jump to other results
    to or in Australia and/or New Zealand
    down with somebody/something
    jump to other results
    used to say that you are opposed to something, or to a person The crowds chanted “Down with NATO!”
    you can't keep a good man down (saying)
    jump to other results
    a person who is determined or wants something very much will succeed
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: down