Definition of ergative adjective from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

 

ergative

 adjective
adjective
NAmE//ˈərɡət̮ɪv//
 
(grammar)
 
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(of verbs) able to be used in both a transitive and an intransitive way with the same meaning, where the object of the transitive verb is the same as the subject of the intransitive verb The verb “grow” is ergative because you can say “She grew flowers in her garden” or “Flowers grew in her garden.” compare causative, inchoative
 
adverb
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: ergative