Definition of fabric noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

fabric

noun
/ˈfæbrɪk/
 
 
1 [uncountable, countable] material made by weaving wool, cotton, silk, etc., used for making clothes, curtains, etc. and for covering furniturecotton fabric2 [singular] the fabric (of something) (formal) the basic structure of a society, an organization, etc. that enables it to function successfullya trend which threatens the very fabric of society3 [singular] the fabric (of something) the basic structure of a building, such as the walls, floor, and roof
Usage noteUsage note: fabriccloth material textileThese are all words for woven or knitted cotton, silk, wool, etc., used for making things such as clothes and curtains, and for covering furniture.fabric woven or knitted cotton, silk, wool, etc., used for making things such as clothes and curtains, and for covering furniture: cotton fabric upholstery fabricsnote Fabric is often fairly strong material, and is often used when talking about covering furniture or making curtains.cloth fabric made by weaving or knitting cotton, wool, silk, etc.: His bandages had been made from strips of cloth.note Cloth is often fairly light material.Cloth is frequently used in talking about clothing material, or buying and selling woven material.material fabric used for making clothes, curtains, etc: The material was dyed with natural ingredients.note Material is a more general word than fabric or cloth as it has the related meaning of “a substance that things can be made from.” It is not used when it might not be clear which type of material is meant:upholstery material the material industrytextile any type of fabric made by weaving or knitting: She owns a factory producing a range of textiles. the textile industrynote Textile is used mostly when talking about the business of making woven materials. The industry of making textiles is called textiles: He works in textiles.patternswoven/cotton/woolen fabric/cloth/material/textilessynthetic fabric/material/textilesdyed/printed fabric/cloth/textilescurtain/dress/clothing/upholstery fabric/materialUsage noteUsage note: structureframework form composition construction fabricThese are all words for the way the different parts of something combine together or the way that something has been made.structure the way in which the parts of something are connected together or arranged; a particular arrangement of parts: the structure of the building/human body the social structure of society the grammatical structures of a language a salary structureframework a set of beliefs, ideas, or rules that forms the basis of a system or society: The report provides a framework for further research.form the arrangement of parts in a whole, especially in a work of art or piece of writing: As a photographer, shape and form were more important to him than color.composition (somewhat formal) the different parts or people that combine to form something; the way in which they combine: recent changes in the composition of our workforceconstruction the way that something has been built or made: He blamed the accident on shoddy construction.fabric (somewhat formal) the basic structure of a society or an organization that enables it to function successfully: This is a trend that threatens the very fabric of society.patternsthe basic structure/framework/form/composition/construction/fabric of somethinga simple/complex structure/framework/formthe economic/political/social structure/framework/composition/fabric of somethingthe chemical/genetic structure/composition of something