/ɡɔn; ɡɑn/help Been is used as the past participle of go when someone has gone somewhere and come back.
move/travel1 [intransitive] to move or travel from one place to another + adverb/prepositionShe went into her room and shut the door behind her.He goes to work by bus.I have to go to Omaha on business.She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there).She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned).I think you should go to the doctor.Are you going home for Christmas? go to do somethingShe went to see her sister this weekend.help In spoken English go can be used with and plus another verb to show purpose or to tell someone what to do: I'll go and answer the door. Go and get me a drink! The and is sometimes left out: Go ask your mom!2 [intransitive] go (to something) (with someone) to move or travel, especially with someone else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an eventAre you going to Dave's party?Who else is going?His dog goes everywhere with him.3 [intransitive] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance + adverb/prepositionHe's going too fast. + nounWe had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down.4 [intransitive] go flying, singing, etc. (+ adverb/preposition) to move in a particular way or while doing something elseThe car went skidding off the road into a ditch.She went sobbing up the stairs.She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying.
leave5 [intransitive] to leave one place in order to reach another synonym departI must be going now.It's time to go.Has she gone yet?He's been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago).When does the train go?6 [intransitive] go on something to leave a place and do something differentto go on a tour/a trip/a cruiseRichard has gone on vacation and won't be back for two weeks.
visit/attend7 [intransitive] go to something to visit or attend a place for a particular purposeI have to go to the hospital for an operation.to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime)Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services)?
swimming/fishing/jogging, etc.8 [intransitive] go for something to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sportto go for a walk/drive/swim/runLet's go for a drink (= at a bar) after work.I have to go shopping this afternoon.We're going sailing on Saturday.
be sent9 [intransitive] (+ adverb/preposition) to be sent or passed somewhereI want this memo to go to all managers.
lead10 [intransitive] go (from…) to… to lead or extend from one place to anotherI want a rope that will go from the top of the roof to the ground.Where does this road go?
place/space11 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition to have as a usual or correct position; to be placedThis dictionary goes on the top shelf.Where do you want the piano to go (= be put)?12 [intransitive] will/would not go (in/into something) used to say that something does/did not fit into a particular place or spaceMy clothes won't all go in that one suitcase.He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldn't go.
numbers13 [intransitive] if a number will go into another number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times (+ adjective)How many times will 3 go into 12? 4 times. go into something7 won't go into 15.
progress14 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition used to talk about how well or badly something makes progress or succeeds“How did your interview go?” “It went very well, thank you.”Did everything go smoothly?How's it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment)?The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.
state/condition15 [intransitive] used in many expressions to show that someone or something has reached a particular state/is no longer in a particular state go to/into somethingShe went to sleep.The boy went into a coma. go out of somethingThat color has gone out of fashion.16 linking verb + adjective to become different in a particular way, especially a bad wayto go bald/blind/crazy/bankrupt, etc.Her hair is going gray.The milk had gone sour.The children went wild with excitement. note at become17 [intransitive] + adjective to live or move around in a particular stateto go naked/barefootShe cannot bear the thought of children going hungry.18 [intransitive] go unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etc.Police are worried that many crimes go unreported.
song/story19 [intransitive, transitive] used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story + adverb/prepositionHow does that song go?I forget how the next line goes. go that…The story goes that she's been married five times.
sound/movement20 [intransitive] to make a particular sound or movement + nounThe gun went “bang.” + adverb/prepositionShe went like this with her hand.
say21 [transitive] + speech (informal) (used when telling a story) to sayI asked “How much?” and he goes, “Fifty” and I go, “Fifty? You must be joking!”
start22 [intransitive] to start an activityI'll say “One, two, three, go!” as a signal for you to start.As soon as he gets here we're ready to go.
machine23 [intransitive] if a machine goes, it worksThis fan doesn't go.
disappear24 [intransitive] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen synonym disappearHas your headache gone yet?
be thrown out25 [intransitive] someone/something must/has to/can go used to talk about wanting to get rid of someone or somethingThe old sofa will have to go.He's useless—he'll have to go.
not work26 [intransitive] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctlyHer sight is beginning to go.His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers).I was driving home when my brakes went.
die27 [intransitive] to die. People say “go” to avoid saying “die.”You can't take your money with you when you go.
money28 [intransitive] when money goes, it is spent or used for somethingI don't know where the money goes! go on somethingMost of her allowance goes on clothes. go to do somethingThe money will go to finance a new community center.29 [intransitive] go (to someone) (for something) to be soldWe won't let the house go for less than $200,000.There was usually some bread going cheap (= being sold cheaply) at the end of the day.30 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for somethingHe offered $5,000 for the car and I don't think he'll go any higher.I'll go to $1,000 but that's my limit.
help31 [intransitive] go to do something to help; to play a part in doing somethingThis all goes to prove my theory.It (= what has just happened) just goes to show you can't always tell how people are going to react.
be available32 be going [intransitive] (informal) to be availableThere just aren't any jobs going in this area.
time33 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to passHasn't the time gone quickly?Half an hour went past while we were sitting there.
use toilet34 [intransitive] (informal) to use a toiletDo you need to go, Billy?
Most idioms containing go are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms. For example, go it alone is at alone.
anything goes(informal) anything that someone says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may beAlmost anything goes these days.anything goes
as people, things, etc. go
in comparison with the average person, thing, etc.As teachers go, he's not bad.as people, things, etc. go
be going to do something1 used to show what someone intends to do in the futureWe're going to buy a house after we save enough money.2 used to show that something is likely to happen very soon or in the futureI think I'm going to faint.If the drought continues there's going to be a famine.be going to do
don't go doing something(informal) used to tell or warn someone not to do somethingDon't go getting yourself into trouble.don't go doing
go all out for something|
go all out to do something
to make a very great effort to get something or do somethinggo all out for
go and do something
used to show that you are angry or annoyed that someone has done something stupidTrust him to go and mess things up!Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that?You've really gone and done it (= done something very stupid) now!go and do
approaching a particular age or amountMy nephew is three going on four so he has a lot of energy.I was going on sixteen when we met in school.going on...
go on(old-fashioned) used to express the fact that you do not believe something, or that you disapprove of somethingGo on—you're not forty. You don't look a day over thirty.go on
(have) a lot, nothing, etc. going for you
(to have) many/not many advantagesYou're young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you!a lot, nothing, etc. going for youhave a lot, nothing, etc. going for you
a no go(informal) not possible or allowedIf the bank won't lend us the money it's a no go, I'm afraid.a no go
not (even) go there(informal) used to say that you do not want to talk about something in any more detail because you do not even want to think about itDon't ask me to choose. I don't want to go there.“There was a problem with his parents, wasn't there?” “Don't even go there!”not go therenot even go there
to go1 remaining; still leftI only have one final exam to go.2 (informal) if you buy cooked food to go in a restaurant or store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere elseTwo pizzas to go.to go
what goes around comes around(saying) the way someone behaves toward other people will affect the way those people behave toward them in the futurewhat goes around comes around
where does someone go from here?
used to ask what action someone should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are inwhere does go from here?
who goes there?
used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order someone to say who they areHalt, who goes there?who goes there?
go about somethingto continue to do something; to keep busy with somethingDespite the threat of war, people went about their business as usual.go about
go about somethingto start working on something synonym tackleYou're not going about the job in the right way. go doing somethingHow should I go about finding a job?go about
go after someoneto chase or follow someoneHe went after the burglars.She left the room in tears so I went after her.go after
go after someone/somethingto try to get someone or somethingWe're both going after the same job.go after
go against someoneto not be in someone's favor or not to their advantageThe jury's verdict went against him.go against
go against someone/somethingto resist or oppose someone or somethingHe would not go against his parents' wishes.go against
go against somethingto be opposed to something; to not fit or agree with somethingPaying for a private room in the hospital goes against her principles.His thinking goes against all logic.go against
go ahead1 to travel in front of other people in your group and arrive before themI'll go ahead and tell them you're on the way.2 to happen; to be done synonym proceedThe building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned. related noun go-aheadgo ahead
go ahead (with something)to begin to do something, especially when someone has given permission or has expressed doubts or opposition“May I start now?” “Yes, go ahead.”The government intends to go ahead with major tax cuts. related noun go-aheadgo aheadgo ahead with
go along1 to continue with an activityHe made up the story as he went along.2 to make progress; to developThings are going along nicely.go along
go along with someone/somethingto agree with someone or somethingI don't go along with her views on health insurance.go along with
go around1 to spin or turnto go around in a circle2 to be enough for everyone to have one or someThere aren't enough chairs to go around.3 to often be in a particular state or behave in a particular wayShe often goes around barefoot. go doing somethingIt's unprofessional to go around criticizing your colleagues.4 to spread from person to personThere's a rumor going around that they're having an affair.go around
go around (to…)to visit someone or a place that is nearI went around to the post office.I'm going around to my sister's (= her house) later.go aroundgo around to
go at someoneto attack someoneThey went at each other furiously.go at
go at somethingto make great efforts to do something; to work hard at somethingThey went at the job as if their lives depended on it.go at
go away1 to leave a person or placeJust go away!Go away and think about it, then let me know.2 to leave home for a period of time, especially for a vacationThey went away for a few days.I'm going away on business.3 to disappearThe smell still hasn't gone away.go away
go backif two people go back a period of time (usually a long time), they have known each other for that timeDave and I go back twenty years.go back
go back (to…)to return to a placeShe doesn't want to go back to her husband (= to live with him again).This toaster will have to go back (= be taken back to the store where it was bought) —it's faulty.Of course we want to go back someday—it's our country, our real home.go backgo back to
go back (to something)1 to consider something that happened or was said at an earlier timeCan I go back to what you said at the beginning of the meeting?Once you have made this decision, there will be no going back (= you will not be able to change your mind).2 to have existed since a particular time or for a particular periodTheir family goes back to the time of the Pilgrim Fathers.go backgo back to
go back on somethingto fail to keep a promise; to change your mind about somethingHe never goes back on his word (= never fails to do what he has said he will do).go back on
go back to somethingto start doing something again that you had stopped doingThe kids go back to school next week. [+ -ing]She's decided to go back to teaching.go back to
go beforeto exist or happen in an earlier timeThe present crisis is worse than any that have gone before.go before
go before someone/somethingto be presented to someone or something for discussion, decision, or judgmentMy application goes before the planning committee next week.go before
go beyond somethingto be more than something synonym exceedThis year's sales figures go beyond all our expectations (= are much better than we thought they would be).go beyond
go by(of time) to passThings will get easier as time goes by.The weeks went slowly by.go by
go by somethingto be guided by something; to form an opinion from somethingThat's a good rule to go by.If past experience is anything to go by, they'll be late.go by
go down1 to fall to the groundShe tripped and went down with a thump.2 if a ship, etc.goes down, it disappears below the water synonym sink3 when the sun or moon goes down, it disappears below the horizon synonym set4 if food or drink will/will not go down, it is easy/difficult to swallowShe tried to swallow the medicine but it wouldn't go down.5 if the price of something, the temperature, etc.goes down, it becomes lower synonym fallThe price of oil is going down.Oil is going down in price. antonym go up6 (informal) to get worse in qualityThe neighborhood has gone down a lot recently.7 (computing) to stop working temporarilyThe system is going down in ten minutes.8 (informal) to happenYou really don't know what's going down?go down
go down (in something)to be written in something; to be recorded or remembered in somethingIt all goes down (= she writes it all) in her notebook.He will go down in history as a great statesman.go downgo down in
go down (to someone)to be defeated by someone, especially in a game or competitionItaly went down to Brazil by three goals to one.go downgo down to
go down (to…)to go from one place to another, especially somewhere nearby or further southShe went down to Florida to see her parents. antonym go upgo downgo down to
go down (with someone)to be received in a particular way by someoneThe suggestion didn't go down very well with her boss.go downgo down with
go for someoneto attack someoneShe went for him with a knife.go for
go for someone/something1 to apply to someone or somethingWhat I said about Peter goes for you, too.They have a high level of unemployment—but the same goes for many other countries.2 to go to a place and bring someone or something backShe's gone for some milk.3 to be attracted by someone or something; to like or prefer someone or somethingShe goes for tall slim men.I don't really go for modern art.go for
go for something1 to choose somethingI think I'll go for the fruit salad.2 to put a lot of effort into something, so that you get or achieve somethingGo for it, John! You know you can beat him.It sounds like a great idea. Go for it!go for
go in1 to enter a room, house, etc.Let's go in, it's getting cold.2 if the sun or moon goes in, it disappears behind a cloudgo in
go in for somethingto have something as an interest or a hobbyShe doesn't go in for team sports.go in for
go in with someoneto join someone in starting a businessMy brothers are opening a garage and they want me to go in with them.go in with
go in on something (with someone) (for someone)to share the cost of somethingDo you want to go in on a wedding present for Doug and Cheryl with us?go in ongo in on with for
go into something1 (of a vehicle) to hit something violentlyThe car skidded and went into a tree.2 (of a vehicle or driver) to start moving in a particular wayThe plane went into a nosedive.3 to join an organization, especially in order to have a career in itto go into the Army/the priesthoodto go into teaching/medicine/politics4 to begin to do something or behave in a particular wayHe went into a long explanation of the affair.5 to examine something carefullyWe need to go into the question of costs.6 (of money, time, effort, etc.) to be spent on something or used to do somethingMore government money needs to go into the project. [+ -ing]Years of work went into researching the book.go into
go off1 to leave a place, especially in order to do somethingShe went off to get a drink.2 to be fired; to explodeThe gun went off by accident.The bomb went off in a crowded street.3 if an alarm, etc.goes off, it makes a sudden loud noise4 if a light, the electricity, etc.goes off, it stops workingSuddenly the lights went off.The heat goes off at night. antonym go on5 to happen in a particular wayThe meeting went off well.go off
go off (on someone)(informal) to suddenly become angry with someoneHe suddenly went off and started yelling.go offgo off on
go off with someoneto leave your husband, wife, partner, etc. in order to have a relationship with someone elseHe went off with his best friend's wife.go off with
go off with somethingto take away from a place something that does not belong to youHe went off with $10,000 of the company's money.go off with
go on1 when a performer goes on, they begin their performanceShe doesn't go on until Act 2.2 (in sports) to join a team as a substitute during a gameMiller went on for Rose just before halftime.3 when a light, the electricity, etc. goes on, it starts to workSuddenly all the lights went on. antonym go off4 (of time) to passShe became more and more talkative as the evening went on.5 usually be going on to happenWhat's going on here?6 if a situation goes on, it continues without changingThis cannot be allowed to go on.How much longer will this hot weather go on for?We can't go on like this—we seem to be always arguing.7 to continue speaking, after a short pauseShe hesitated for a moment and then went on. + speech“You know,” he went on, “I think my brother could help you.”8 used to encourage someone to do somethingGo on! Have another piece of cake!Go on—jump!go on
go on (ahead)to travel in front of someone elseYou go on ahead—I'll catch up with you in a few minutes.go ongo on ahead
go on something(used in negative sentences and questions) to base an opinion or a judgment on somethingThe police don't have much to go on.go on
go on (about someone/something)(informal) to talk about someone or something for a long time, especially in a boring or complaining wayHe went on and on about how poor he was.She does go on sometimes!go ongo on about
go on (with something)to continue an activity, especially after a pause or breakThat's enough for now—let's go on with it tomorrow.go ongo on with
go on doing somethingto continue an activity without stoppingHe said nothing but just went on working.go on doing
go on to somethingto pass from one item to the nextLet's go on to the next item on the agenda.go on to
go on to do somethingto do something after completing something elseThe book goes on to describe his experiences in the army.After her early teaching career she went on to become a doctor.go on to do
go out1 to leave your house to go to a social eventShe goes out a lot. go doing somethingHe goes out partying most weekends.2 when the tide goes out, it moves away from the land synonym ebb, antonym come in3 to be sentHave the invitations gone out yet?4 when news or information goes out, it is announced or published go that…Word went out that the director had resigned5 if a fire or light goes out, it stops burning or shininggo out
go out (of something)to be no longer fashionable or generally usedThose skirts went out years ago.go outgo out of
go out of someone/something(of a quality or a feeling) to be no longer present in someone or something; to disappear from someone or somethingAll the fight seemed to go out of him.The heat has gone out of the argument.go out of
go out to someoneif your thoughts, etc. go out to someone, you think about them in a kind way and hope that the difficult situation that they are in will get bettergo out to
go out (with someone)(especially of young people) to spend time with someone and have a romantic or sexual relationship with themTom has been going out with Lucy for six weeks.How long have Tom and Lucy been going out?go outgo out with
go over something1 to examine or check something carefullyGo over your work before you hand it in.2 to study something carefully, especially by repeating itHe went over the events of the day in his mind (= thought about them carefully).go over
go over (to…)to move from one place to another, especially when this means crossing something such as a room, town, or cityHe went over and shook hands with his guests.Many Irish people went over to America during the famine.go overgo over to
go over to someone/something(in broadcasting) to change to a different person or place for the next part of a broadcastWe are now going over to the news desk for an important announcement.go over to
go over to somethingto change from one side, opinion, habit, etc. to anotherTwo Republicans have gone over to the Democrats.go over to
go over (with someone)to be received in a particular way by someoneThe news of her promotion went over well with her colleagues.go overgo over with
go throughif a law, contract, etc.goes through, it is officially accepted or completedThe deal did not go through.go through
go through something1 to look at or examine something carefully, especially in order to find somethingI always start the day by going through my e-mail.She went through the company's accounts, looking for evidence of fraud.2 to study or consider something in detail, especially by repeating itLet's go through the arguments again.Could we go through (= practice) Act 2 once more?3 to perform a series of actions; to follow a method or procedureCertain formalities have to be gone through before you can emigrate.4 to experience or suffer somethingShe's been going through a bad time recently.He's amazingly cheerful considering all he's had to go through.5 to use up or finish something completelyThe boys went through two whole loaves of bread.go through
go through with somethingto do what is necessary to complete a course of action, especially one that is difficult or unpleasantShe decided not to go through with (= not to have) the operation.go through with
go to someone/somethingto be given to someone or somethingProceeds from the concert will go to charity.All her property went to her eldest son (= when she died).go to
go together= go with somethinggo together
go toward somethingto be used as part of the payment for somethingThe money will go toward a new car. go doing somethingPart of my paycheck went toward buying new speakers.go toward
go under1 (of something that floats) to sink below the surface2 (informal) to become bankrupt (= be unable to pay what you owe)The company will go under unless business improves.go under
go up1 to be builtNew office buildings are going up everywhere.2 when the curtain across the stage in a theater goes up, it is raised or opened3 to be destroyed by fire or an explosionThe whole building went up in flames.4 if the price of something, the temperature, etc.goes up, it becomes higher synonym riseThe price of cigarettes is going up.Cigarettes are going up in price. antonym go downgo up
go up (to…)to go from one place to another, especially further northWhen are you next going up to Seattle?We went up to Montreal last weekend. antonym go downgo upgo up to
go with someone(old-fashioned, informal) to have a romantic relationship with someonego with
go with something1 to be included with or as part of somethingA car goes with the job.2 to agree to accept something, for example a plan or an offerYou're offering $500? I think we can go with that.3 (also go (together)) to combine well with something synonym matchDoes this jacket go with this skirt?Those colors don't really go together.4 (also go together) to exist at the same time or in the same place as something; to be found togetherDisease often goes with poverty.Disease and poverty often go together.go with
Usage note: returncome back go back get back turn backThese words all mean to come or go back from one place to another.return to come or go back from one place to another: I waited a long time for him to return.note Return is slightly more formal than the other words in this group, and is used more often in writing or formal speech.come back to return note Come back is usually used from the point of view of the person or place that someone returns to: Come back and visit again soon!go back to return to the place you recently or originally came from or that you have been to before note Go back is usually used from the point of view of the person who is returning: Do you ever want to go back to China?get back to arrive back somewhere, especially at your home or the place where you are staying: What time did you get back last night?turn back to return the way that you came, especially because something stops you from continuing: The weather got so bad that we had to turn back.patternsto return/come back/go back/get back to/from/with somethingto return/come back/go back/get back/turn back againto return/come back/go back/get back home/to workto return/come back/get back safely