American English

Definition of government noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    , NAmE//ˈɡʌvərnmənt//
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  1. 1[countable] (abbreviation govt.) the group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or a state to lead/form a government the last Democratic government the government of the day Foreign governments have been consulted about this decision. She has resigned from the Government. The Government has been considering further tax cuts. government policies/officials/ministers a government department/agency/grant government expenditure/intervention/subsidies Topic CollocationsPoliticspower create/form/be the leader of a political party gain/take/win/lose/regain control of Congress start/spark/lead/be on the brink of a revolution be engaged/locked in an internal power struggle lead/form a rival/breakaway faction seize/take control of power/the government bring down/overthrow/topple the government/president/regime abolish/overthrow/restore the monarchy establish/install a military dictatorship/a stable government be forced/removed/driven from office/power resign/step down as party leader/president/prime minister/governor/a senator enter/retire from/return to political lifepolitical debate spark/provoke a heated/hot/intense/lively debate engage in/participate in/contribute to (the) political/public debate (on/over something) get involved in/feel excluded from the political process launch/start/lead/spearhead a campaign/movement join/be linked with the peace/anti-war/feminist/civil rights movement criticize/speak out against/challenge/support the government lobby/put pressure on the government (to do something) come under fire/pressure from opposition partiespolicy call for/demand/propose/push for/advocate democratic/political/land reform(s) formulate/implement domestic economic policy change/influence/shape/have an impact on government/economic/public policy be consistent with/be in line with/go against/be opposed to government policy reform/restructure/modernize the tax system privatize/improve/deliver/make cuts in public services invest (heavily) in/spend something on schools/education/public services/(the) infrastructure nationalize the banks/the oil industry promise/propose/deliver/give ($80 billion in/significant/substantial/massive) tax cuts a/the budget is approved/passed by Congress/the House/the Senatemaking laws have a majority in/have seats in Congress/the House/the Senate propose/sponsor a bill/legislation/a resolution/an amendment introduce/bring in/draw up/draft/adopt/pass a bill/a law/a resolution/an amendment/legislation/measures amend/repeal an act/a law/legislation veto/vote against/oppose a bill/legislation/a measure/a proposal/a resolution get/require/be decided by a majority vote ⇨ more collocations at economy, vote
  2. 2[uncountable] a particular system or method of controlling a country coalition/communist/democratic/totalitarian, etc. government Democratic government has now replaced military rule. central/federal government
  3. 3[uncountable] the activity or the manner of controlling a country strong government The Democrats are now in government in the U.S. see also big government, student government
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: government