American English

Definition of near preposition from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

     

    near

     preposition
    preposition
    NAmE//nɪr//
     
    (also near to, nearer (to), nearest (to))
     
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  1. 1Near to is not usually used before the name of a place, person, festival, etc. at a short distance away from someone or something Do you live near here? Go and sit nearer (to) the fire. Which Word?next / nearest (The)next means “after this/that one” in time or in a series of events, places, or people:When is your next appointment? Take a left at the next traffic light. Who’s next?(The)nearest means “closest” in space:Where’s the nearest grocery store? Notice the difference between the prepositions nearest to and next to:Janet’s sitting nearest to the window (= of all the people in the room). Sarah’s sitting next to the window (= right beside it).
  2. 2a short period of time from something My birthday is very near Christmas. I'll think about it nearer (to) the time (= when it is just going to happen).
  3. 3used before a number to mean “approximately,” “just below,” or “above” Share prices are near their record high of last year. Profits fell from $11 million to nearer $8 million.
  4. 4similar to someone or something in quality, size, etc. Nobody else comes near her in intellect. He's nearer 70 than 60. This color is nearest (to) the original.
  5. 5near (doing) something close to a particular state a state near (to) death She was near to tears (= almost crying). We came near to being killed.
  6. Idioms
    (close/near) at hand
     
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    close to you in time or distance Help was at hand. The property is ideally located with all local amenities close at hand.
    close/dear/near to somebody's heart
     
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    having a lot of importance and interest for someone
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: near