American English

Definition of retire verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they retire
    he / she / it retires
    past simple retired
    -ing form retiring
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    from job
  1. 1[intransitive, transitive] to stop doing your job, especially because you have reached a particular age or because you are ill; to tell someone they must stop doing their job retire (from something) She was forced to retire early from teaching because of health problems. He is retiring next year after 30 years with the company. She retired at 65, as required by company policy. retire to something My dream is to retire to a villa in the Caribbean. retire as something He has no plans to retire as editor of the magazine. retire somebody She was retired from the civil service on medical grounds.
  2. in sports
  3. 2[intransitive] to stop competing during a game, race, etc., usually because you are injured retire (from something) She fell badly, spraining her ankle, and had to retire. + adj. He retired injured in the first five minutes of the game.
  4. from/to a place
  5. 3[intransitive] (formal) to leave a place, especially to go somewhere quieter or more private The jury retired to consider the evidence. retire to something After dinner he likes to retire to his study.
  6. of army
  7. 4[intransitive] (formal) to move back from a battle in order to organize your soldiers in a different way
  8. go to bed
  9. 5[intransitive] (literary) to go to bed I retired late that evening.
  10. in baseball
  11. 6[transitive] retire somebody to make a player or team have to stop their turn at batting He retired twelve batters in a row.
  12. from use/service
  13. 7[transitive] retire something to withdraw something from use or service The cruise ship was retired in 2001. Mickey Mantle's jersey number 7 was retired in 1969 (= no longer used, as a sign of respect).
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: retire