American English

Definition of scrape verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they scrape
    he / she / it scrapes
    past simple scraped
    -ing form scraping
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  1. 1[transitive] to remove something from a surface by moving something sharp and hard like a knife across it scrape something (+ adv./prep.) She scraped the mud off her boots. We scraped away the top layer of wallpaper. scrape something + adj. The kids had scraped their plates clean.
  2. damage
  3. 2[transitive] to rub something by accident so that it gets damaged or hurt scrape something She fell and scraped her knee. scrape something + adv./prep. I scraped the side of my car on the wall. Sorry, I've scraped some paint off the car. The wire had scraped the skin from her fingers.
  4. make sound
  5. 3[intransitive, transitive] to make an unpleasant noise by rubbing against a hard surface; to make something do this (+ adv./prep.) I could hear his pen scraping across the paper. Bushes scraped against the car windows. We could hear her scraping away at the violin. scrape something (+ adv./prep.) Don't scrape your chairs on the floor.
  6. make hole in ground
  7. 4[transitive] scrape something (out) to make a hole or hollow place in the ground He found a suitable place, scraped a hole, and buried the bag in it.
  8. pull hair back
  9. 5[transitive] scrape your hair back to pull your hair tightly back, away from your face Her hair was scraped back from her face in a ponytail.
  10. Idioms
    bow and scrape (disapproving)
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    to be too polite to an important person in order to gain their approval She was starting to get tired of all their bowing and scraping.
    scrape (the bottom of) the barrel (disapproving)
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    to have to use whatever things or people you can get, because there is not much choice available
    Phrasal Verbsscrape by (on something)scrape inscrape somethingoutscrape throughscrape somethingtogether/up
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: scrape