American English

Definition of specimen noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



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  1. 1a small amount of something that shows what the rest of it is like synonym sample Astronauts have brought back specimens of rock from the moon. Can you give me a specimen of your handwriting? Topic CollocationsScientific Researchtheory formulate/advance a theory/hypothesis build/construct/create/develop a simple/theoretical/mathematical model develop/establish/provide/use a theoretical/conceptual framework/an algorithm advance/argue/develop the thesis that… explore an idea/a concept/a hypothesis make a prediction/an inference base a prediction/your calculations on something investigate/evaluate/accept/challenge/reject a theory/hypothesis/modelexperiment design an experiment/a questionnaire/a study/a test do research/an experiment/an analysis make observations/calculations take/record measurements carry out/conduct/perform an experiment/a test/a longitudinal study/observations/clinical trials run an experiment/a simulation/clinical trials repeat an experiment/a test/an analysis replicate a study/the results/the findings observe/study/examine/investigate/assess a pattern/a process/a behavior fund/support the research/project/study seek/provide/get/secure funding for researchresults collect/gather/extract data/information yield data/evidence/similar findings/the same results analyze/examine the data/soil samples/a specimen consider/compare/interpret the results/findings fit the data/model confirm/support/verify a prediction/a hypothesis/the results/the findings prove a conjecture/hypothesis/theorem draw/make/reach the same conclusions read/review the records/literature describe/report an experiment/a study present/publish/summarize the results/findings present/publish/read/review/cite a paper in a scientific journal
  2. 2a single example of something, especially an animal or a plant The aquarium has some interesting specimens of unusual tropical fish. Redwood trees can live for a long time; one specimen is 4,000 years old. (humorous) They were fine specimens of American youth! Thesaurusexamplecase instance specimen illustrationThese are all words for a thing or situation that is typical of a particular group or set, and is sometimes used to support an argument.example something such as an object, a fact, or a situation that shows, explains, or supports what you say; a thing that is typical of or represents a particular group or set:Can you give me an example of what you mean?case a particular situation or a situation of a particular type; a situation that relates to a particular person or thing:In some cases people have had to wait several weeks for an appointment.instance (somewhat formal) a particular situation or a situation of a particular type:The report highlights a number of instances of injustice.specimen an example of something, especially an animal or a plant:The aquarium has some interesting specimens of tropical fish.illustration (somewhat formal) a story, an event, or an example that clearly shows the truth about something:The statistics are a clear illustration of the point I am trying to make.example or illustration?An illustration is often used to show that something is true. An example is used to help to explain something.Patterns a(n) example/case/instance/specimen/illustration of something in a particular case/instance for example/instance
  3. 3a small quantity of blood, urine, etc. that is taken from someone and tested by a doctor to provide/take a specimen
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: specimen

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