American English

Definition of strike verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    strike

     verb
    verb
    NAmE//straɪk//
     
    In sense 10 the past participle is stricken
    NAmE//ˈstrɪkən//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they strike
     
    he / she / it strikes
     
    past simple struck
     
    past participle struck
     
    -ing form striking
     
     
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    hit someone or something
  1. 1[transitive] strike somebody/something (formal) to hit someone or something hard or with force The ship struck a rock. The child ran into the road and was struck by a car. The tree was struck by lightning. He fell, striking his head on the edge of the table. The stone struck her on the forehead. Thesaurushitknock bang strike bump bashThese words all mean to come against something with a lot of force.hit to come against something with force, especially causing damage or injury:The boy was hit by a speeding car.knock to hit something so that it moves or breaks; to put someone or something into a particular state or position by hitting them/it:Someone had knocked a hole in the wall.bang to hit something in a way that makes a loud noise:The baby was banging the table with his spoon.strike (formal) to hit someone or something hard:The ship struck a rock.bump to hit someone or something accidentally:In the darkness I bumped into a chair.bash (informal) to hit against something very hard:I braked too late and bashed into the car in front of me.Patterns to knock/bang/bump/bash into somebody/something to knock/bang/bump/bash on something to hit/knock/bang/strike/bump/bash something with something to hit/strike the ground/floor/wall
  2. 2[transitive] strike somebody/something (something) (formal) to hit someone or something with your hand or a weapon She struck him in the face. He struck the table with his fist. Who struck the first blow (= started the fight)?
  3. kick/hit ball
  4. 3[transitive] strike something (formal) to hit or kick a ball, etc. He walked up to the penalty spot and struck the ball firmly into the back of the net.
  5. attack
  6. 4[intransitive] to attack someone or something, especially suddenly The lion crouched ready to strike. Police fear that the killer may strike again.
  7. of disaster/disease
  8. 5[intransitive, transitive] to happen suddenly and have a harmful or damaging effect on someone or something Two days later tragedy struck. strike somebody/something The area was struck by an outbreak of cholera.
  9. thought/idea/impression
  10. 6[transitive] (not used in the progressive tenses) (of a thought or an idea) to come into someone's mind suddenly strike somebody An awful thought has just struck me. I was struck by her resemblance to my aunt. it strikes somebody how, what, etc… It suddenly struck me how we could improve the situation.
  11. 7 [transitive] to give someone a particular impression strike somebody (as something) His reaction struck me as odd. How does the idea strike you? She strikes me as a very efficient person. it strikes somebody that… It strikes me that nobody is really in favor of the changes.
  12. of light
  13. 8[transitive] strike something to fall on a surface The windows sparkled as the sun struck the glass.
  14. dumb/deaf/blind
  15. 9[transitive] strike somebody + adj. [usually passive] to put someone suddenly into a particular state to be struck dumb/deaf/blind
  16. remove
  17. 10(struck, stricken) [transitive] strike somebody/something from/off something to remove someone or something from something written, such as a list or record Strike his name from the list.
  18. of workers
  19. 11[intransitive] strike (for something) to refuse to work as a protest The union has voted to strike for a pay increase of 6%. Striking workers picketed the factory.
  20. match
  21. 12[transitive, intransitive] strike (something) to rub something such as a match against a surface so that it produces a flame; to produce a flame when rubbed against a rough surface to strike a match on a wall The sword struck sparks off the stone floor. The matches were damp and he couldn't make them strike.
  22. of clock
  23. 13 [intransitive, transitive] to show the time by making a ringing noise, etc. synonym chime Did you hear the clock strike? Four o'clock had just struck. strike something The clock has just struck three.
  24. make sound
  25. 14[transitive] strike something to produce a musical note, sound, etc. by pressing a key or hitting something to strike a chord on the piano
  26. gold/oil, etc.
  27. 15[transitive] strike something to discover gold, oil, etc. by digging or drilling They had struck oil!
  28. go with purpose
  29. 16[intransitive] strike (off/out) to go somewhere with great energy or purpose We left the road and struck off across the fields.
  30. make coin
  31. 17[transitive, usually passive] strike something to make a coin Those gold coins were struck in 1907.
  32. tents/sails, etc.
  33. 18[transitive] strike something to take down tents, sails, etc. It took many hours to strike camp (= take down the tents that people live in). The ship struck her flag and surrendered.
  34. Idioms
    be struck by/with somebody/something (informal)
     
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    to be impressed or interested by someone or something I was struck by her youth and enthusiasm.
    catch/take/strike somebody's fancy
     
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    to attract or please someone She looked through the hotel ads until one of them caught her fancy.
    drive/strike a hard bargain
     
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    to argue in an aggressive way and force someone to agree on the best possible price or arrangement
    hit/strike home
     
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    if a remark, etc. hits/ strikes home, it has a strong effect on someone, in a way that makes them realize what the true facts of a situation are Her face went pale as his words hit home.
    hit/strike pay dirt (informal)
     
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    to suddenly be in a successful situation, especially one that makes you rich The band really hit pay dirt with their last album.
    hit/strike the right/wrong note
     
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    to do, say, or write something that is suitable/not suitable for a particular occasion It is a bizarre tale and the author hits just the right note of horror and disbelief.
    lightning never strikes (in the same place) twice (saying)
     
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    an unusual or unpleasant event is not likely to happen in the same place or to the same people twice
    strike a balance (between A and B)
     
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    to manage to find a way of being fair to two opposing things; to find an acceptable position that is between two things
    strike a bargain/deal
     
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    to make an agreement with someone in which both sides have an advantage
    strike a blow for/against/at something
     
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    to do something in support of/against a belief, principle, etc. He felt that they had struck a blow for democracy.
    strike/touch a chord (with somebody)
     
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    to say or do something that makes people feel sympathy or enthusiasm The speaker had obviously struck a chord with his audience.
    strike fear, etc. into somebody/sb's heart (formal)
     
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    to make someone be afraid, etc.
    strike gold
     
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    to find or do something that brings you a lot of success or money He has struck gold with his latest novel.
    strike it rich (informal)
     
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    to get a lot of money, especially suddenly or unexpectedly
    strike (it) lucky (informal)
     
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    to have good luck We certainly struck it lucky with the weather.
    strike a pose
     
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    to hold your body in a particular way to create a particular impression to strike a dramatic pose
    strike while the iron is hot (saying)
     
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    to make use of an opportunity immediately This expression refers to a blacksmith making a shoe for a horse. He has to strike/hammer the iron while it is hot enough to bend into the shape of the shoe.
    within striking distance (of something)
     
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    near enough to be reached or attacked easily; near enough to reach or attack something easily The beach is within striking distance. The cat was now within striking distance of the duck.
    Phrasal Verbsstrike at somebody/somethingstrike back (at/against somebody)strike somebody downstrike something downstrike somethingoffstrike outstrike out (at somebody/something)strike outstrike somethingout/throughstrike out (for/toward something)strike up (with something)strike up something (with somebody)
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: strike