American English

Definition of surplus noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

     

    surplus

     noun
    noun
    NAmE//ˈsərplʌs//
     
    [countable, uncountable]
     
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  1. 1an amount that is extra or more than you need food surpluses Wheat was in surplus that year.
  2. 2the amount by which the amount of money received is greater than the amount of money spent a trade surplus of $400 million The balance of payments was in surplus last year (= the value of exports was greater than the value of imports). Topic CollocationsInternational Relationstrade facilitate/regulate trade (with other countries) form/join a trading bloc live in/compete in a global/the world economy support/promote free trade adopt/call for/oppose protectionist measures erect/impose/reduce/remove trade barriers impose/lift/raise/eliminate import tariffs (on something) have/run a huge/large/growing trade surplus/deficit embrace/resist/drive globalizationpolitics and law handle/talk about/discuss foreign policy pursue an aggressive/a hawkish foreign policy require/use/conduct diplomacy establish/break off/sever/restore diplomatic relations/ties foster/promote/strengthen regional cooperation facilitate/achieve economic/political integration exercise/defend/protect/transfer/restore/regain national/state/full/limited sovereignty consolidate/extend/lose/retain your power (in the region) hold/maintain/change/alter/shift the balance of power (in the region) cause/create/open/expose/heal/repair a deep/growing/major/serious rift between X and Ymeetings and agreements have/hold/host/attend an international conference/an economic forum/a G20 summit lead/launch a new round of global/multilateral/world trade negotiations send/head/lead/meet a high-level/an official/a trade delegation facilitate/begin/start/continue/resume peace talks be committed to/be opposed to/disrupt/undermine/derail/sabotage the peace process negotiate/achieve a lasting political settlement broker/sign a peace deal/agreement/treatyconflict be/constitute/pose a threat to global security compromise/endanger/protect national security justify/be in favor of/support/be against/oppose military intervention threaten/authorize/launch/take/support/oppose unilateral/preemptive military action impose/enforce/lift/end economic sanctions/an arms embargo/a naval blockade close/protect/secure/patrol the border lead/be involved in a peacekeeping operationaid negotiate/announce a $15 billion aid package/an economic stimulus package send/provide/request/cut off military aid bring/provide emergency/humanitarian relief deliver/distribute medical supplies/food supplies fund/run a foreign/a local/an international NGO reduce/eradicate/combat/fight child/global/world poverty compare deficit
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: surplus