American English

Definition of take verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    take

     verb
    verb
    NAmE//teɪk//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they take
     
    he / she / it takes
     
    past simple took
     
    past participle taken
     
    -ing form taking
     
     
    jump to other results
    carry/lead
  1. 1 [transitive] to carry or move something from one place to another take something (with you) I forgot to take my bag with me when I got off the bus. take something to somebody/something Take this to the bank for me, would you? Should I take a gift to my host family? take somebody something Should I take my host family a gift?
  2. 2 [transitive] to go with someone from one place to another, especially to guide or lead them take somebody It's too far to walk—I'll take you by car. take somebody to something A boy took us to our room. take somebody doing something I'm taking the kids swimming later. take somebody to do something She took the boys to see their grandparents most weekends.
  3. 3 [transitive] take somebody/something + adv./prep. to make someone or something go from one level, situation, etc. to another Her energy and talent took her to the top of her profession. The new loan takes the total debt to $100,000. I'd like to take my argument a stage further. He believes he has the skills to take the team forward. We'll take this matter up again at our next meeting (= discuss it further).
  4. reach and hold
  5. 4 [transitive] take somebody/something to put your hands or arms around someone or something and hold them/it; to reach for someone or something and hold them/it I passed him the rope and he took it. Free newspapers; please take one. Can you take (= hold) the baby for a minute? He took her hand/took her by the hand (= held her hand, for example to lead her somewhere). She took the child in her arms and kissed him.
  6. remove
  7. 5 [transitive] take something/somebody + adv./prep. to remove something or someone from a place or a person Will you take your books off the table? The sign must be taken down. He took some keys out of his pocket. My name had been taken off the list. She was playing with a knife, so I took it away from her. (figurative) The new gym will take the pressure off the old one.
  8. 6 [transitive] take something to remove something without permission or by mistake Someone took my scarf. Did the burglars take anything valuable? (figurative) The storms took the lives of 50 people.
  9. 7[transitive] to get something from a particular source take something from something The scientists are taking water samples from the river. The machine takes its name from its inventor. take something out of something Part of her article is taken straight (= copied) out of my book.
  10. capture
  11. 8 [transitive] to capture a place or person; to get control of something take something (from somebody) The rebels succeeded in taking the town. The government has taken control of the company. take somebody + noun The rebels took him prisoner. He was taken prisoner by the rebels.
  12. choose/buy
  13. 9[transitive] take something to choose, buy, or rent something I'll take the gray jacket. We took a room at the hotel for two nights.
  14. 10 [transitive] take something (formal) to buy a newspaper or magazine regularly We take the “Chicago Tribune.”
  15. eat/drink
  16. 11 [transitive] take something to eat, drink, etc. something Do you take sugar in your coffee? The doctor gave me some medicine to take for my cough. He started taking drugs (= illegal drugs) in college.
  17. mathematics
  18. 12[transitive] take A (away) from B take A away (not used in the progressive tenses) to reduce one number by the value of another synonym subtract Take 5 from 12 and you're left with 7. (informal) 80 take away 5 is 75 .
  19. write down
  20. 13[transitive] take something to find out and record something; to write something down The police officer took my name and address. Did you take notes in the class?
  21. photograph
  22. 14[transitive] take something to photograph someone or something to take a photograph/picture/snapshot of someone or something to have your picture/photo taken
  23. measurement
  24. 15[transitive] take something to test or measure something to take someone's temperature I need to have my blood pressure taken.
  25. seat
  26. 16[transitive] take something to sit down in or use a chair, etc. Are these seats taken? Come in;take a seat. note at sit
  27. give example
  28. 17[transitive] take somebody/something used to introduce someone or something as an example Lots of couples have problems in the first year of marriage. Take Ann and Paul.
  29. accept/receive
  30. 18 [transitive] (not usually used in the progressive tenses or in the passive) take something to accept or receive something If they offer me the job, I'll take it. She was accused of taking bribes. Does the hotel take credit cards? I'll take the call in my office. Why should Itake the blame for somebody else's mistakes? If you take my advice you won't have anything more to do with him. Will you take $10 for the book (= will you sell it for $10)? The store took in (= sold goods worth) $100,000 last week.
  31. 19[transitive] (not usually used in the progressive tenses) take somebody to accept someone as a customer, patient, etc. The school doesn't take boys (= only has girls). The dentist can't take any new patients.
  32. 20[transitive] (not usually used in the progressive tenses) take something to experience or be affected by something The school took the full force of the explosion. Can the ropes take the strain (= not break)? The team took a terrible beating.
  33. 21[transitive, no passive] take something (not usually used in the progressive tenses) to be able to bear something She can't take criticism. I don't think I can take much more of this heat. I find his attitude a little hard to take.
  34. 22[transitive] take something/somebody + adv./prep. to react to something or someone in a particular way He took the criticism surprisingly well. These threats are not to be taken lightly. I wish you'd take me seriously. She took it in the spirit in which it was intended.
  35. consider
  36. 23[transitive] (not used in the progressive tenses) to understand or consider something in a particular way take something (as something) She took what he said as a compliment. How am I supposed to take that remark? Taken overall, the project was a success. take something to do something What did you take his comments to mean?
  37. 24[transitive] (not used in the progressive tenses) to consider someone or something to be someone or something, especially when you are wrong take somebody/something for somebody/something Even the experts took the painting for a genuine Van Gogh. Of course I didn't do it!What do you take me for (= what sort of person do you think I am)? take somebody/something to be somebody/something I took the man with him to be his father.
  38. have feeling/opinion
  39. 25[transitive] (not usually used in the progressive tenses) take something to have a particular feeling, opinion, or attitude My parents always took an interest in my hobbies. Don't take offense (= be offended) at what I said. Itook a dislike to him. He takes the view that children are responsible for their own actions.
  40. action
  41. 26 [transitive] take something to use a particular course of action in order to deal with or achieve something The school system is taking action to combat drug abuse. We need to take a different approach to the problem.
  42. 27 [transitive] take something used with nouns to say that someone is doing something, performing an action, etc. to take a step/walk/stroll to take a bath/shower to take a dip/swim to take a look/glance to take a bite/drink/sip to take a deep breath to take a break/rest
  43. form/position
  44. 28 [transitive] take something to have a particular form, position, or state Our next class will take the form of a debate. The new president takes office in January.
  45. time
  46. 29 [transitive, no passive, intransitive] to need or require a particular amount of time take something The ride to the airport takes about half an hour. take something to do something It takes about half an hour to get to the airport. That cut is taking a long time to heal. The official seemed to take hours to examine my passport. take somebody something (to do something) It took her three hours to repair her bike. It'll take her some time to recover from the illness. take something for somebody to do something It'll take time (= take a long time) for her to recover from the illness. + adv. I need a shower—Iwon't take long. Which Word?last / take Last and take are both used to talk about the length of time that something continues. Last is used to talk about the length of time that an event continues:How long do you think this storm will last? The movie lasted over two hours.Last does not always need an expression of time:His annoyance won’t last.Last is also used to say that you have enough of something:We have enough money to last until the end of the month. Take is used to talk about the amount of time you need in order to go somewhere or do something. It must be used with an expression of time:It takes (me) at least an hour to get home from work. How long will the flight take? The water took forever to boil.
  47. need
  48. 30[transitive, no passive] to need or require something in order to happen or be done take somebody/something to do something It only takes one careless driver to cause an accident. It doesn't take much to make her angry. take something (informal) He didn't take much persuading (= he was easily persuaded).
  49. 31[transitive, no passive] (not used in the progressive tenses) take something (of machines, etc.) to use something in order to work All new cars take unleaded gas.
  50. size of shoes/clothes
  51. 32 [transitive, no passive] (not used in the progressive tenses) take something to wear a particular size in shoes or clothes What size shoe do you take?
  52. hold/contain
  53. 33 [transitive, no passive] (not used in the progressive tenses) take something/somebody to have enough space for something or someone; to be able to hold or contain a particular quantity The bus can take 60 passengers. The tank takes 20 gallons.
  54. teach/lead
  55. 34 [transitive] take somebody (for something) take something to be the teacher or leader in a class or a religious service Mrs. Cameron will take the class if her colleague has to be away. Father Jenkins took the morning service.
  56. study
  57. 35[transitive] take something to study a subject at school, college, etc. She is planning to take a computer course. How many subjects are you taking this year?
  58. exam
  59. 36 [transitive] take something to complete an exam or a test When did you take your driving test?
  60. transportation/road
  61. 37 [transitive] take something to use a form of transportation, a road, a path, etc. to go to a place to take the bus/plane/train to take a cab Take the second road on the right. It's more interesting to take the coast road.
  62. go over/around
  63. 38 [transitive] take something (+ adv./prep.) to go over or around something The horse took the first fence well. He takes dangerous curves much too fast.
  64. in sports
  65. 39 [transitive] take something (of a player in a sports game) to kick or throw the ball from a fixed or agreed position to take a penalty/free kick/foul shot
  66. vote/survey
  67. 40[transitive] take something to use a particular method to find out people's opinions to take a vote/poll/survey
  68. be successful
  69. 41[intransitive] to be successful; to work The skin graft failed to take.
  70. grammar
  71. 42[transitive] (not used in the progressive tenses) take something (of verbs, nouns, etc.) to have or require something when used in a sentence or other structure The verb “rely” takes the preposition “on.”
  72. Thesaurustakelead escort drive show walk guide usher directThese words all mean to go with someone from one place to another.take to go with someone from one place to another, for example in order to show them something or to show them the way to a place:I'll take you to the party tomorrow.lead to go with or go in front of someone in order to show them the way or to make them go in the right direction:Firefighters led the survivors to safety.escort to go with someone in order to protect or guard them or to show them the way:The president was escorted by twelve bodyguards.drive to take someone somewhere in a car, taxi, etc:My mother drove us to the airport.show to take someone to a particular place, in the right direction, or along the correct route:The attendant showed us to our seats.walk to go somewhere with someone on foot, especially in order to make sure that they get there safely; to take an animal, especially a dog, for a walk or make an animal walk somewhere:He always walked her home. Have you walked the dog yet today?guide to show someone the way to a place, often by going with them; to show someone a place that you know well:She guided us through the busy streets. We were guided around the museums.usher (somewhat formal) to politely take or show someone where you want them to be, especially within a building:She ushered her guests to their seats.direct (somewhat formal) to tell or show someone how to get somewhere or where to go:A young woman directed them to the station.Patterns to take/lead/escort/drive/show/walk/guide/usher/direct somebody to/out of/into something to take/lead/escort/drive/show/walk/guide/usher somebody around to take/lead/escort/drive/walk somebody home to take/lead/escort/guide/usher somebody to safety to lead/show the wayIdioms
      somebody can take it or leave it
       
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    1. 1used to say that you do not care if someone accepts or rejects your offer
    2. 2used to say that someone does not have a strong opinion about something Dancing? I can take it or leave it.
    have (got) what it takes (informal)
     
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    to have the qualities, ability, etc. needed to be successful
    I, you, etc. can't take somebody anywhere (informal) (often humorous)
     
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    used to say that you cannot trust someone to behave well in public You spilled your drink again? I can't take you anywhere!
    take something as it comes, take somebody as they come
     
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    to accept something or someone without wishing it/them to be different or without thinking about it/them very much in advance She takes life as it comes.
    take it (that…)
     
    jump to other results
    to suppose; to assume I take it you won't be coming to the party?
    take it from me (that…) (informal)
     
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    used to emphasize that what you are going to say is the truth Take it from me—he'll be a millionaire before he's 30.
    take it on/upon yourself to do something
     
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    to decide to do something without asking permission or advice
    take a lot out of somebody
     
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    to make someone physically or mentally tired Taking care of small children takes a lot out of you.
    take some/a lot of doing (informal)
     
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    to need a lot of effort or time; to be very difficult to do
    take that! (informal)
     
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    used as an exclamation when you are hitting someone or attacking them in some other way
    Phrasal Verbsbe taken up with something/somebodybe taken with somebody/somethingtake somebody abacktake after somebodytake somebody/somethingaparttake somethingaparttake somethingawaytake away from somethingtake somebodybacktake somebody back (to…)take somethingbacktake somethingdowntake somebodyintake somethingintake it/something out on somebodytake offtake somebodyofftake somethingofftake somebody off somethingtake something off somethingtake somebodyontake somethingontake something/somebodyontake somebodyouttake somebody/somethingouttake somethingouttake somethingout (against somebody)take somethingout (of something)take something out of somethingtake somebody out of himself/ herselftake over (from something)take over (from somebody)take somethingovertake somebody through somethingtake to somethingtake to somebody/somethingtake uptake up somethingtake somethinguptake somebody up on somethingtake up with somebodytake something up with somebodytake yourself/somebody off (to…)
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: take