Definition of advance noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ədˈvɑːns//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ədˈvæns//
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    forward movement
  1. 1  [countable] the forward movement of a group of people, especially armed forces We feared that an advance on the capital would soon follow. enemy advances CollocationsWar and peaceStarting a war declare/​make/​wage war (on somebody/​something) go to war (against/​with somebody) cause/​spark/​provoke/​foment/​quell unrest incite/​lead/​crush/​suppress a revolt/​rebellion launch/​mount/​carry out a surprise/​terrorist attack prevent/​halt/​represent an escalation of the conflict be torn apart by/​be on the brink of civil war enter/​invade/​occupy somebody’s territory lead/​launch/​resist/​repel an invasionMilitary operations adopt/​develop/​implement/​pursue a military strategy carry out/​execute/​perform military operations/​manoeuvres/(especially US English) maneuvers send/​deploy/​station/​pull back/​withdraw troops go on/​fly/​carry out a reconnaissance/​rescue mission train/​equip/​deploy army/​military/​combat units lead/​launch/​conduct a raid/​a surprise attack/​an (air/​airborne/​amphibious) assault (on somebody) employ/​use guerrilla tactics conduct/​wage biological/​guerrilla warfare fight/​crush/​defeat the rebels/​the insurgency suffer/​inflict a crushing defeat achieve/​win a decisive victory halt/​stop the British/​German/​Russian advance order/​force a retreatFighting join/​serve in the army/​navy/​air force be/​go/​remain/​serve on active duty serve/​complete/​return from a tour of duty be sent to the front (line) attack/​strike/​engage/​defeat/​kill/​destroy the enemy see/​report/​be engaged in heavy fighting call for/​be met with armed resistance come under heavy/​machine-gun/​mortar fire fire a machine-gun/​mortar shells/​rockets (at somebody/​something) shoot a rifle/​a pistol/​bullets/​missiles launch/​fire a cruise/​ballistic/​anti-tank missile use biological/​chemical/​nuclear weapons inflict/​suffer/​sustain heavy losses/​casualties be hit/​killed by enemy/​friendly/​artillery fire become/​be held as a prisoner of warCivilians in war harm/​kill/​target/​protect innocent/​unarmed civilians cause/​avoid/​limit/​minimize civilian casualties/​collateral damage impose/​enforce/​lift a curfew engage in/​be a victim of ethnic cleansing be sent to an internment/​a concentration camp accept/​house/​resettle refugees fleeing from war fear/​threaten military/​violent reprisals commit/​be accused of war crimes/​crimes against humanity/​genocideMaking peace make/​bring/​win/​achieve/​maintain/​promote peace call for/​negotiate/​broker/​declare a ceasefire/​a temporary truce sign a ceasefire agreement call for/​bring/​put an end to hostilities demand/​negotiate/​accept the surrender of somebody/​something establish/​send (in) a peacekeeping force negotiate/​conclude/​ratify/​sign/​accept/​reject/​break/​violate a peace treaty See related entries: Conflict
  2. development
  3. 2  [countable, uncountable] advance (in something) progress or a development in a particular activity or area of understanding recent advances in medical science We live in an age of rapid technological advance. major advances in the field of physics
  4. money
  5. 3[countable, usually singular] money paid for work before it has been done or money paid earlier than expected They offered an advance of £5 000 after the signing of the contract. She asked for an advance on her salary. The bank will give you an advance of 95% of the purchase price.
  6. sexual
  7. 4advances [plural] attempts to start a sexual relationship with somebody He had made advances to one of his students. She rejected his sexual advances.
  8. price increase
  9. 5[countable] advance (on something) (business) an increase in the price or value of something Share prices showed significant advances.
  10. Word OriginMiddle English: from Old French avance (noun), avancer (verb), from late Latin abante ‘in front’, from ab ‘from’ + ante ‘before’. The initial a- was mistakenly assimilated to ad- in the 16th cent.Extra examples He was paid £5 000 as an advance on royalties. Hindu science made great advances in astronomy and mathematics. Recent years have seen significant advances in our understanding of the human genome. The design incorporates the most recent technological advances. The general ordered an advance to the front line. The publishers have paid me an advance. The regiment made an advance on the enemy lines. We need more money if we are to make any further advances in this area of science. We try to plan well in advance. You’ll get the agenda in advance of the committee meeting. an advance of $10 000 an advance on the existing techniques an advance towards a better understanding of God rapid advances in science and technology the Russian advance towards Berlin two major advances in medical science two major advances in orthopaedic medicine At this time there were a number of major advances in the field of physics. Enemy advances had forced them to retreat into the mountains. The bank will give you an advance of 95% of the purchase price. Their advance on the city seemed unstoppable.Idioms
      in advance (of something)
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    1. 1  before the time that is expected; before something happens a week/month/year in advance The rent is due one month in advance. It's cheaper if you book the tickets in advance. People were evacuated from the coastal regions in advance of the hurricane.
    2. 2more developed than somebody/something else Galileo's ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: advance