Definition of artificial adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌɑːrtɪˈfɪʃl//
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  1. 1  made or produced to copy something natural; not real an artificial limb/flower/sweetener/fertilizer artificial lighting/light Synonymsartificialsynthetic false man-made fake imitationThese words all describe things that are not real, or not naturally produced or grown.artificial made or produced to copy something natural; not real:artificial flowers artificial lightsynthetic made by combining chemical substances rather than being produced naturally by plants or animals:synthetic drugs shoes with synthetic solesfalse not natural:false teeth a false beard man-made made by people; not natural:man-made fibres such as nylonfake made to look like something else; not real:a fake-fur jacketimitation [only before noun] made to look like something else; not real:She would never wear imitation pearls.Patterns artificial/​synthetic/​man-made fabrics/​fibres/​materials/​products artificial/​synthetic/​fake/​imitation fur/​leather artificial/​synthetic/​false/​fake/​imitation diamonds/​pearls
  2. 2  created by people; not happening naturally A job interview is a very artificial situation. the artificial barriers of race, class and gender
  3. 3  not what it appears to be synonym fake artificial emotion
  4. Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French artificiel or Latin artificialis, from artificium ‘handicraft’, based on ars, art- ‘art’ + facere ‘make’.Extra examples a patently artificial contrivance All food served in the restaurant is completely free from any artificial colours and flavours. I don’t like having to do detailed work in artificial light. It would be entirely artificial to try and divorce the two issues. The patient was kept alive by the artificial heart for nearly two months. They use rather artificial examples.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: artificial