Definition of bail noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//beɪl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//beɪl//
    Types of punishment, Cricket
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  1. 1[uncountable] money that somebody agrees to pay if a person accused of a crime does not appear at their trial. When bail has been arranged, the accused person is allowed to go free until the trial. Can anyone put up bail for you? She was released on £2 000 bail. Bail was set at $1 million. He committed another offence while he was out on bail (= after bail had been agreed). The judge granted/refused bail. She jumped/skipped bail(= did not appear at her trial). CollocationsCriminal justiceBreaking the law break/​violate/​obey/​uphold the law be investigated/​arrested/​tried for a crime/​a robbery/​fraud be arrested/ (especially North American English) indicted/​convicted on charges of rape/​fraud/(especially US English) felony charges be arrested on suspicion of arson/​robbery/​shoplifting be accused of/​be charged with murder/(especially North American English) homicide/​four counts of fraud face two charges of indecent assault admit your guilt/​liability/​responsibility (for something) deny the allegations/​claims/​charges confess to a crime grant/​be refused/​be released on/​skip/​jump bailThe legal process stand/​await/​bring somebody to/​come to/​be on trial take somebody to/​come to/​settle something out of court face/​avoid/​escape prosecution seek/​retain/​have the right to/​be denied access to legal counsel hold/​conduct/​attend/​adjourn a hearing/​trial sit on/​influence/​persuade/​convince the jury sit/​stand/​appear/​be put/​place somebody in the dock plead guilty/​not guilty to a crime be called to/​enter (British English) the witness box take/​put somebody on the stand/(North American English) the witness stand call/​subpoena/​question/​cross-examine a witness give/​hear the evidence against/​on behalf of somebody raise/​withdraw/​overrule an objection reach a unanimous/​majority verdict return/​deliver/​record a verdict of not guilty/​unlawful killing/​accidental death convict/​acquit the defendant of the crime secure a conviction/​your acquittal lodge/​file an appeal appeal (against)/challenge/​uphold/​overturn a conviction/​verdictSentencing and punishment pass sentence on somebody carry/​face/​serve a seven-year/​life sentence receive/​be given the death penalty be sentenced to ten years (in prison/​jail) carry/​impose/​pay a fine (of $3 000)/a penalty (of 14 years imprisonment) be imprisoned/​jailed for drug possession/​fraud/​murder do/​serve time/​ten years be sent to/​put somebody in/​be released from jail/​prison be/​put somebody/​spend X years on death row be granted/​be denied/​break (your) parole See related entries: Types of punishment
  2. 2[countable, usually plural] (in cricket) either of the two small pieces of wood on top of each set of three wooden posts (called stumps ) See related entries: Cricket
  3. Word Originnoun sense 1 Middle English: from Old French, literally ‘custody, jurisdiction’, from bailler ‘take charge of’, from Latin bajulare ‘bear a burden’. noun sense 2 Middle English (denoting the outer wall of a castle): from Old French baile ‘palisade, enclosure’, baillier ‘enclose’, perhaps from Latin baculum ‘rod, stick’.Extra examples For very serious crimes, it is hard to get bail. He committed another robbery while out on bail. He was sent to a bail hostel until the case came to court. Rosenthal is currently free on bail. She couldn’t get bail and now she’s lost those 20 months she spent on remand. She has been granted conditional bail. The accused were held without bail. The judge set bail at £50 000. The police were successful in opposing bail. They were released on police bail pending further enquiries.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: bail

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