Definition of burden verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    burden

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ˈbɜːdn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈbɜːrdn//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they burden
    BrE BrE//ˈbɜːdn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈbɜːrdn//
     
    he / she / it burdens
    BrE BrE//ˈbɜːdnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈbɜːrdnz//
     
    past simple burdened
    BrE BrE//ˈbɜːdnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈbɜːrdnd//
     
    past participle burdened
    BrE BrE//ˈbɜːdnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈbɜːrdnd//
     
    -ing form burdening
    BrE BrE//ˈbɜːdnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈbɜːrdnɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1burden somebody/yourself (with something) to give somebody a duty, responsibility, etc. that causes worry, difficulty or hard work They have burdened themselves with a high mortgage. I don't want to burden you with my worries. to be burdened by high taxation opposite unburden
  2. 2be burdened with something to be carrying something heavy She got off the bus, burdened with two heavy suitcases.
  3. Word Origin Old English byrthen, of West Germanic origin; related to the verb bear.Extra examples I don’t want to burden you with my worries. They have burdened themselves with a large mortgage.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: burden