Definition of caliph noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



BrE BrE//ˈkeɪlɪf//
; NAmE NAmE//ˈkeɪlɪf//
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a title used by Muslim rulers, especially in the past Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French caliphe, from Arabic k̲alīfa meaning ‘deputy (of God)’ (from the title k̲alīfat Allāh), or meaning ‘successor (of Muhammad)’ (from the title k̲alīfat rasūl Allāh ‘of the Messenger of God’), from k̲alafa ‘succeed’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: caliph