Definition of chasten verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

chasten

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ˈtʃeɪsn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈtʃeɪsn//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they chasten
BrE BrE//ˈtʃeɪsn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈtʃeɪsn//
 
he / she / it chastens
BrE BrE//ˈtʃeɪsnz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈtʃeɪsnz//
 
past simple chastened
BrE BrE//ˈtʃeɪsnd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈtʃeɪsnd//
 
past participle chastened
BrE BrE//ˈtʃeɪsnd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈtʃeɪsnd//
 
-ing form chastening
BrE BrE//ˈtʃeɪsnɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈtʃeɪsnɪŋ//
 
 
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[often passive] chasten somebody (formal) to make somebody feel sorry for something they have done He felt suitably chastened and apologized. She gave them a chastening lecture. It was a chastening experience. Word Origin early 16th cent.: from an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare ‘castigate’, from castus ‘morally pure, chaste’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: chasten