Definition of chiasmus noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

chiasmus

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//kaɪˈæzməs//
 
; NAmE NAmE//kɪˈæzməs//
 
[uncountable, countable](pl. chiasmi
BrE BrE//kaɪˈæzmi//
 
; NAmE NAmE//kaɪˈæzmi//
 
; BrE BrE//kɪˈæzmi//
 
; NAmE NAmE//kɪˈæzmi//
 
)
(specialist) Linguistic devices
 
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a technique used in writing or in speeches, in which words, ideas, etc. are repeated in reverse order See related entries: Linguistic devices Word Origin mid 17th cent. (in the sense ‘crosswise arrangement’): modern Latin, from Greek khiasmos, from khiazein ‘mark with the letter chi’, from khi ‘chi’, the twenty-second letter of the Greek alphabet.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: chiasmus