Definition of chief adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//tʃiːf//
    ; NAmE NAmE//tʃiːf//
    jump to other results
  1. 1  [only before noun] most important the chief cause/problem/reason one of the President’s chief rivals Synonymsmainmajor key central principal chief primeThese words all describe somebody/​something that is the largest or most important of its kind.main [only before noun] largest or most important:Be careful crossing the main road. The main thing is to remain calm.major [usually before noun] very large or important:He played a major role in setting up the system. Major is most often used after a with a singular noun, or no article with a plural noun. When it is used with the or my/​your/​his/​her/​our/​their it means ‘the largest or most important’:Our major concern here is combatting poverty. In this meaning it is only used to talk about ideas or worries that people have, not physical things, and it is also more formal than main:Be careful crossing the major road. The major thing is to remain calm.key [usually before noun] most important; essential:He was a key figure in the campaign. Key is used most frequently in business and political contexts. It can be used to talk about ideas, or the part that somebody plays in a situation, but not physical things. It is slightly more informal than major, especially when used after a noun and linking verb:Speed is key at this point.central (rather formal) most important:The central issue is that of widespread racism. Central is used in a similar way to key, but is more formal. It is most frequently used in the phrase something is central to something else. principal [only before noun] (rather formal) most important:The principal reason for this omission is lack of time. Principal is mostly used for statements of fact about which there can be no argument. To state an opinion, or to try to persuade somebody of the facts as you see them, it is more usual to use key or central:The key/​central issue here is…chief [only before noun] (rather formal) most important:Unemployment was the chief cause of poverty.prime [only before noun] (rather formal) most important; to be considered first:My prime concern is to protect my property.Patterns a/​the main/​major/​key/​central/​principal/​chief/​prime aim/​concern a/​the main/​major/​principal road/​town/​city the main/​key thing is to… to be of major/​key/​central/​prime importance More Like This Adjectives that only come before a noun all-round, antenatal, aspiring, chief, dedicated, eventual, express, high-flying, live, lone, mere, mitigating, rogue, sheer, standout, ulterior, utterSee worksheet.
  2. 2  (also Chief) [only before noun] highest in rank the Chief Education Officer the chief financial officer of the company Detective Chief Inspector Williams
  3. 3 -in-chief (in nouns) of the highest rank commander-in-chief see also chiefly
  4. Word OriginMiddle English: from Old French chief, chef, based on Latin caput ‘head’.Extra examples He was America’s ambassador to France and became chief architect of the Treaty of Paris. Her chief rival for the gold medal is Jones of the USA. The chief financial officer of the company paid us a visit. The lion is the zebra’s chief enemy. Their chief preoccupation was how to feed their families. Unemployment was the chief cause of poverty. Who is the new Chief Education Officer? somebody’s chief enemy/​rival/​opponent the chief architect/​exponent of something
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: chief