- 1 [transitive, intransitive] close (something) to put something into a position so that it covers an opening; to get into this position synonym shut Would anyone mind if I closed the window? She closed the gate behind her. It's dark now—let's close the curtains. I closed my eyes against the bright light. The doors open and close automatically. opposite open book/umbrella, etc.
- 2 [transitive] close something (up) to move the parts of something together so that it is no longer open synonym shut to close a book/an umbrella opposite open shop/store/business, etc.
- 3 [transitive, often passive, intransitive] to make the work of a shop/store, etc. stop for a period of time; to not be open for people to use close something (for something) The museum has been closed for renovation. close something (to somebody/something) The road was closed to traffic for two days. close (for something) What time does the bank close? We close for lunch between twelve and two. opposite open
- 4 [transitive, intransitive] close (something) (also close down, close somethingdown) if a company, shop/store, etc. closes, or if you close it, it stops operating as a business The club was closed by the police. The hospital closed at the end of last year. The play closed after just three nights. opposite open end
- 5 [transitive, intransitive] to end or make something end The meeting will close at 10.00 p.m. The offer closes at the end of the week. close something to close a meeting/debate to close a case/an investigation to close an account (= to stop keeping money in a bank account) The subject is now closed (= we will not discuss it again). Which Word?close / shutYou can close and shut doors, windows, your eyes, mouth, etc. Shut can suggest more noise and is often found in phrases such as slammed shut, banged shut, snapped shut. Shut is also usually used for containers such as boxes, suitcases, etc. To talk about the time when shops, offices, etc. are not open, use close or shut:What time do the banks close/shut? A strike has shut the factory. You can also use closed or shut (North American English usually closed):The store is closed/shut today. Especially in North American English, shut can sound less polite. Closed is used in front of a noun, but shut is not:a closed window. We usually use closed about roads, airports, etc:The road is closed because of the snow. Close is also used in formal English to talk about ending a meeting or conversation. opposite open Express YourselfWrapping up a discussionIn a formal meeting or conference, you may have to bring the session to a close. Here are some ways to get people to stop speaking: I’m afraid time is running out/we’re running out of time, so we'll have to make this the final question. We've only got a couple of minutes left, so can we summarize what we've agreed? I'd like to close the session with a few final remarks… We'll have to leave it there, but thank you all very much for your input. Well, that's all we have time for today, but we'll meet again on Tuesday. I'd like to thank you all for coming and for a very productive meeting. finance
- 6[intransitive] close (at something) to be worth a particular amount at the end of the day’s business Shares in the company closed at 265p. closing prices distance/difference
- 7[transitive, intransitive] close (something) to make the distance or difference between two people or things smaller; to become smaller or narrower These measures are aimed at closing the gap between rich and poor. The gap between the two top teams is closing all the time. hold firmly
- 8[transitive, intransitive] close (something) about/around/over somebody/something to hold something/somebody firmly She closed her hand over his. Her hand closed over his. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French clos-, stem of clore, from Latin claudere
- 1if a group of people close ranks, they work closely together to defend themselves, especially when they are being criticized It's not unusual for the police to close ranks when one of their officers is being investigated.
- 2if soldiers close ranks, they move closer together in order to defend themselves
verbjump to other results
BrE BrE//kləʊz//; NAmE NAmE//kloʊz//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they close
BrE BrE//kləʊz//; NAmE NAmE//kloʊz//he / she / it closes
BrE BrE//ˈkləʊzɪz//; NAmE NAmE//ˈkloʊzɪz//past simple closed
BrE BrE//kləʊzd//; NAmE NAmE//kloʊzd//past participle closed
BrE BrE//kləʊzd//; NAmE NAmE//kloʊzd//-ing form closing
BrE BrE//ˈkləʊzɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//ˈkloʊzɪŋ//