Definition of colony noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈkɒləni//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈkɑːləni//
    (pl. colonies) Groups of animals
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  1. 1[countable] a country or an area that is governed by people from another, more powerful, country former British colonies the Declaration of Independence of the 13 colonies and the creation of the United States
  2. 2[singular + singular or plural verb] a group of people who go to live permanently in a colony
  3. 3[countable + singular or plural verb] a group of people from the same place or with the same work or interests who live in a particular city or country or who live together the American colony in Paris an artists’ colony
  4. 4[countable] (Indian English) a small town set up by an employer or an organization for its workers
  5. 5[countable + singular or plural verb] (biology) a group of plants or animals that live together or grow in the same place a colony of ants a bird colony See related entries: Groups of animals
  6. Word Originlate Middle English (denoting a settlement formed mainly of retired soldiers, acting as a garrison in newly conquered territory in the Roman Empire): from Latin colonia ‘settlement, farm’, from colonus ‘settler, farmer’, from colere ‘cultivate’.Extra examples Britain’s overseas colonies Settlers established a new colony in the early 18th century. Some of the insects will leave to form a new colony. The birds nest in huge colonies. the former Portuguese colony of Macao By 1733, the British had set up a total of 13 colonies in North America. East Timor was a former Portuguese colony.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: colony

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