English

Definition of control verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    control

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//kənˈtrəʊl//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈtroʊl//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they control
    BrE BrE//kənˈtrəʊl//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈtroʊl//
     
    he / she / it controls
    BrE BrE//kənˈtrəʊlz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈtroʊlz//
     
    past simple controlled
    BrE BrE//kənˈtrəʊld//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈtroʊld//
     
    past participle controlled
    BrE BrE//kənˈtrəʊld//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈtroʊld//
     
    -ing form controlling
    BrE BrE//kənˈtrəʊlɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈtroʊlɪŋ//
     
     
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    have power
  1. 1  control somebody/something to have power over a person, company, country, etc. so that you are able to decide what they must do or how it is run By the age of 21 he controlled the company. The whole territory is now controlled by the army. Can't you control your children? a multi-national company based in Britain but controlled from South Africa
  2. limit/manage
  3. 2  to limit something or make it happen in a particular way control something government attempts to control immigration Many biological processes are controlled by hormones. Try to control your breathing. control what/how, etc… Parents should control what their kids watch on television.
  4. 3  control something to stop something from spreading or getting worse Firefighters are still trying to control the blaze. She was given drugs to control the pain.
  5. machine
  6. 4  control something to make something, such as a machine or system, work in the way that you want it to This knob controls the volume. The traffic lights are controlled by a central computer.
  7. stay calm
  8. 5  to manage to make yourself remain calm, even though you are upset or angry control yourself I was so furious I couldn't control myself and I hit him. control something He was finding it difficult to control his feelings. More Like This Consonant-doubling verbs bob, club, dub, grab, rub, sob, throb kid, nod, pad, plod, prod, shred, skid, thud beg, blog, bug, drag, drug, flag, hug, jog, log, mug, nag, plug bar, confer, infer, occur, prefer, refer, star, stir, transfer acquit, admit, allot, chat, clot, commit, jut, knit, pat, regret, rot, spot, submit (in British English:) appal, cancel, channel, control, counsel, enrol, equal, excel, fuel, fulfil, label, level, marvel, model, pedal, quarrel, signal, travelSee worksheet.
  9. Word Origin late Middle English (as a verb in the sense ‘check or verify accounts’, especially by referring to a duplicate register): from Anglo-Norman French contreroller ‘keep a copy of a roll of accounts’, from medieval Latin contrarotulare, from contrarotulus ‘copy of a roll’, from contra- ‘against’ + rotulus ‘a roll’. The noun is perhaps via French contrôle.Extra examples Conditions in the greenhouse are carefully controlled. Expenditure within the company is tightly controlled. The shutters can be electronically controlled. You can easily control the speed of the fan. Can’t you control your children? Each school is controlled by a Board of Governors. Government forces have proved incapable of controlling the rebels. He had an emergency operation in which surgeons attempted to control the bleeding. He was finding it hard to control his feelings. His diabetes can be controlled by diet. I was so furious I couldn’t control myself and I hit him. It is a multi-national company based in Britain but controlled from South Africa. Mounted police had been called to control the crowds. She was struggling to control her temper. Symptoms can be controlled in most patients. The National Bank is directly controlled by the government. The clerk could scarcely control his excitement. The clubs were found guilty of failing to control their fans. The government has announced new measures to control immigration This government has failed to control inflation. Time out is an effective way of controlling aggressive behaviour.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: control