Definition of convict verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



verbVerb Forms present simple I / you / we / they convict
BrE BrE//kənˈvɪkt//
; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪkt//
he / she / it convicts
BrE BrE//kənˈvɪkts//
; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪkts//
past simple convicted
BrE BrE//kənˈvɪktɪd//
; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪktɪd//
past participle convicted
BrE BrE//kənˈvɪktɪd//
; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪktɪd//
-ing form convicting
BrE BrE//kənˈvɪktɪŋ//
; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪktɪŋ//
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BrE BrE//kənˈvɪkt//
; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪkt//
[often passive] convict somebody (of something) to decide and state officially in court that somebody is guilty of a crime a convicted murderer He was convicted of fraud. There wasn’t enough evidence to convict her. opposite acquit CollocationsCriminal justiceBreaking the law break/​violate/​obey/​uphold the law be investigated/​arrested/​tried for a crime/​a robbery/​fraud be arrested/ (especially North American English) indicted/​convicted on charges of rape/​fraud/(especially US English) felony charges be arrested on suspicion of arson/​robbery/​shoplifting be accused of/​be charged with murder/(especially North American English) homicide/​four counts of fraud face two charges of indecent assault admit your guilt/​liability/​responsibility (for something) deny the allegations/​claims/​charges confess to a crime grant/​be refused/​be released on/​skip/​jump bailThe legal process stand/​await/​bring somebody to/​come to/​be on trial take somebody to/​come to/​settle something out of court face/​avoid/​escape prosecution seek/​retain/​have the right to/​be denied access to legal counsel hold/​conduct/​attend/​adjourn a hearing/​trial sit on/​influence/​persuade/​convince the jury sit/​stand/​appear/​be put/​place somebody in the dock plead guilty/​not guilty to a crime be called to/​enter (British English) the witness box take/​put somebody on the stand/(North American English) the witness stand call/​subpoena/​question/​cross-examine a witness give/​hear the evidence against/​on behalf of somebody raise/​withdraw/​overrule an objection reach a unanimous/​majority verdict return/​deliver/​record a verdict of not guilty/​unlawful killing/​accidental death convict/​acquit the defendant of the crime secure a conviction/​your acquittal lodge/​file an appeal appeal (against)/challenge/​uphold/​overturn a conviction/​verdictSentencing and punishment pass sentence on somebody carry/​face/​serve a seven-year/​life sentence receive/​be given the death penalty be sentenced to ten years (in prison/​jail) carry/​impose/​pay a fine (of $3 000)/a penalty (of 14 years imprisonment) be imprisoned/​jailed for drug possession/​fraud/​murder do/​serve time/​ten years be sent to/​put somebody in/​be released from jail/​prison be/​put somebody/​spend X years on death row be granted/​be denied/​break (your) parole
Word OriginMiddle English: from Latin convict- ‘demonstrated, refuted, convicted’, from the verb convincere, from con- ‘with’ + vincere ‘conquer’. The noun is from obsolete convict ‘convicted’.Extra examples He was convicted of a serious driving offence. He was convicted of the murder of two teenagers. He was convicted on a drug charge. She was convicted for her part in the crime. They were convicted on all 13 counts.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: convict

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