Definition of conviction noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    conviction

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//kənˈvɪkʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈvɪkʃn//
     
     
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  1. 1[countable, uncountable] conviction (for something) the act of finding somebody guilty of a crime in court; the fact of having been found guilty She has six previous convictions for theft. He plans to appeal against his conviction. an offence which carries, on conviction, a sentence of not more than five years’ imprisonment opposite acquittal CollocationsCriminal justiceBreaking the law break/​violate/​obey/​uphold the law be investigated/​arrested/​tried for a crime/​a robbery/​fraud be arrested/ (especially North American English) indicted/​convicted on charges of rape/​fraud/(especially US English) felony charges be arrested on suspicion of arson/​robbery/​shoplifting be accused of/​be charged with murder/(especially North American English) homicide/​four counts of fraud face two charges of indecent assault admit your guilt/​liability/​responsibility (for something) deny the allegations/​claims/​charges confess to a crime grant/​be refused/​be released on/​skip/​jump bailThe legal process stand/​await/​bring somebody to/​come to/​be on trial take somebody to/​come to/​settle something out of court face/​avoid/​escape prosecution seek/​retain/​have the right to/​be denied access to legal counsel hold/​conduct/​attend/​adjourn a hearing/​trial sit on/​influence/​persuade/​convince the jury sit/​stand/​appear/​be put/​place somebody in the dock plead guilty/​not guilty to a crime be called to/​enter (British English) the witness box take/​put somebody on the stand/(North American English) the witness stand call/​subpoena/​question/​cross-examine a witness give/​hear the evidence against/​on behalf of somebody raise/​withdraw/​overrule an objection reach a unanimous/​majority verdict return/​deliver/​record a verdict of not guilty/​unlawful killing/​accidental death convict/​acquit the defendant of the crime secure a conviction/​your acquittal lodge/​file an appeal appeal (against)/challenge/​uphold/​overturn a conviction/​verdictSentencing and punishment pass sentence on somebody carry/​face/​serve a seven-year/​life sentence receive/​be given the death penalty be sentenced to ten years (in prison/​jail) carry/​impose/​pay a fine (of $3 000)/a penalty (of 14 years imprisonment) be imprisoned/​jailed for drug possession/​fraud/​murder do/​serve time/​ten years be sent to/​put somebody in/​be released from jail/​prison be/​put somebody/​spend X years on death row be granted/​be denied/​break (your) parole
  2. 2[countable, uncountable] conviction (that…) a strong opinion or belief strong political/moral convictions She was motivated by deep religious conviction. a conviction that all would be well in the end
  3. 3[uncountable] the feeling or appearance of believing something strongly and of being sure about it ‘Not true!’ she said with conviction. He said he agreed but his voice lacked conviction. The leader's speech in defence of the policy didn't carry much conviction.
  4. Word Origin late Middle English: from Latin convictio(n-), from the verb convincere, from con- ‘with’ + vincere ‘conquer’.Extra examples A reward is offered for information leading to the conviction of the attacker. He appealed against his conviction for murder. He believes that too many defendants are escaping conviction by claiming that they are insane. He had a strong personal conviction about the power of the printed word. He has three criminal convictions. Her arguments lacked conviction. Her explanation failed to carry conviction in the face of the facts. Her lawyer said that she plans to appeal her conviction. His sentence on conviction would be life imprisonment. It is my firm conviction that nothing will change until we address the root causes of the problem. It is the firm conviction of the governors that this child should not be admitted to the school. Keeping this information from the jury could result in a wrongful conviction. Nothing could shake her conviction that ‘abroad’ was a dangerous place. Nothing could shake her conviction that she could not be beaten. She had this absolute conviction that what she liked others would like. The American Constitution reflects certain religious convictions. The appeal court overturned the conviction against her. The conviction rate for rape is extremely low. The demise of consensus and the rise of conviction politics. The ex-leaders share a deep conviction that their views on world matters are still vitally important. The men’s convictions were declared unsafe. There was no great conviction in his voice. These experiences reinforced my conviction that music helps learning. They need strong evidence to secure a conviction. You are not obliged to acknowledge spent convictions. a conviction based on very slim evidence a conviction for murder Judges should not let their personal moral convictions influence sentencing. The leader’s speech in defence of the policy didn’t carry much conviction. The new party is based on the firm conviction that secular government is in the interests of all. We were sustained by the conviction that all would be well in the end.Idioms
    have/lack the courage of your convictions
     
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    to be/not be brave enough to do what you feel to be right See related entries: Brave
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: conviction