Definition of crusade noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//kruːˈseɪd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//kruːˈseɪd//
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  1. 1crusade (for/against something) | crusade (to do something) a long and determined effort to achieve something that you believe to be right or to stop something that you believe to be wrong synonym campaign to lead a crusade against crime a moral crusade a crusade to give terminally ill people the right to die
  2. 2(also Crusade) any of the wars fought in Palestine by European Christian countries against the Muslims in the Middle Ages Culture The Crusades were a series of military expeditions between the 11th and 14th centuries, in which armies from the Christian countries of Europe tried to get back the Holy Land (= the area that is now Israel, Palestine, Jordan and Egypt) from the Muslims. The soldiers who took part in the Crusades were called Crusaders. The best-known British Crusader was King Richard I. The Crusades achieved very little, but as a result of them new ideas were exchanged, trade was improved, and new goods such as sugar and cotton came to Europe for the first time.
  3. Word Originlate 16th cent. (originally as croisade): from French croisade, an alteration (influenced by Spanish cruzado) of earlier croisée, literally ‘the state of being marked with the cross’, based on Latin crux, cruc- ‘cross’; in the 17th cent. the form crusado, from Spanish cruzado, was introduced. The blending of these two forms led to the current spelling, first recorded in the early 18th cent.Extra examples For 23 years he led a crusade for peace. He is on a crusade to take the church to the people. She seems to be carrying out a personal crusade to stop this building work. The book urges parents to join a crusade against crime. The charity tonight launched its great crusade against homelessness. He led a crusade to give terminally ill people the right to die. Her moral crusade began in 1963. We must continue the crusade against crime.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: crusade

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