Definition of damage verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

  

damage

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ˈdæmɪdʒ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈdæmɪdʒ//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they damage
BrE BrE//ˈdæmɪdʒ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈdæmɪdʒ//
 
he / she / it damages
BrE BrE//ˈdæmɪdʒɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈdæmɪdʒɪz//
 
past simple damaged
BrE BrE//ˈdæmɪdʒd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈdæmɪdʒd//
 
past participle damaged
BrE BrE//ˈdæmɪdʒd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈdæmɪdʒd//
 
-ing form damaging
BrE BrE//ˈdæmɪdʒɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈdæmɪdʒɪŋ//
 
Terrorism
 
jump to other results
 damage something/somebody to harm or spoil something/somebody The fire badly damaged the town hall. Several vehicles were damaged in the crash. Smoking seriously damages your health. The allegations are likely to damage his political career. emotionally damaged children Synonymsdamagehurt harm impairThese words all mean to have a bad effect on somebody/​something.damage to cause physical harm to something, making it less attractive, useful or valuable; to have a bad effect on somebody/​something’s life, health, happiness or chances of success:The fire badly damaged the town hall. emotionally damaged childrenhurt (rather informal) to have a bad effect on somebody/​something’s life, health, happiness or chances of success:Hard work never hurt anyone.harm to have a bad effect on somebody/​something’s life, health, happiness or chances of success:Pollution can harm marine life.damage, hurt or harm?Hurt is slightly less formal than damage or harm, especially when it is used in negative statements:It won’t hurt him to have to wait a bit. It won’t damage/​harm him to have to wait a bit. Harm is also often used to talk about ways in which things in the natural world such as wildlife and the environment are affected by human activity.impair (rather formal) to damage somebody’s health, abilities or chances:Even one drink can impair driving performance.Patterns to damage/​hurt/​harm/​impair somebody’s chances to damage/​hurt/​harm somebody’s interests/​reputation to damage/​harm/​impair somebody’s health to seriously/​greatly damage/​hurt/​harm/​impair somebody/​something to badly/​severely damage/​hurt/​impair somebody/​something CollocationsInjuriesBeing injured have a fall/​an injury receive/​suffer/​sustain a serious injury/​a hairline fracture/(especially British English) whiplash/​a gunshot wound hurt/​injure your ankle/​back/​leg damage the brain/​an ankle ligament/​your liver/​the optic nerve/​the skin pull/​strain/​tear a hamstring/​ligament/​muscle/​tendon sprain/​twist your ankle/​wrist break a bone/​your collarbone/​your leg/​three ribs fracture/​crack your skull break/​chip/​knock out/​lose a tooth burst/​perforate your eardrum dislocate your finger/​hip/​jaw/​shoulder bruise/​cut/​graze your arm/​knee/​shoulder burn/​scald yourself/​your tongue bang/​bump/​hit/ (informal) bash your elbow/​head/​knee (on/​against something)Treating injuries treat somebody for burns/​a head injury/​a stab wound examine/​clean/​dress/​bandage/​treat a bullet wound repair a damaged/​torn ligament/​tendon/​cartilage amputate/​cut off an arm/​a finger/​a foot/​a leg/​a limb put on/ (formal) apply/​take off (especially North American English) a Band-Aid™/(British English) a plaster/​a bandage need/​require/​put in/ (especially British English) have (out)/ (North American English) get (out) stitches put on/​rub on/ (formal) apply cream/​ointment/​lotion have/​receive/​undergo (British English) physiotherapy/(North American English) physical therapy See related entries: Terrorism Word Origin Middle English: from Old French, from dam, damne ‘loss or damage’, from Latin damnum ‘loss or hurt’; compare with damn.Extra examples She may have damaged her health irreparably. The building was badly damaged by fire. He works with emotionally damaged children.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: damage